Economics is closely related to the other social sciences, particularly politics, sociology (because some academics argue that economics is in fact a branch of sociology) and ethics; there are also strong connections with psychology, as economics is often influenced and affected by human behavior patterns. Economic thought dates back to ancient Athens with Plato and Aristotle both describing fledgling economic models in their writings.Know More
Sociology, which is the study of human social behavior, can have a quantifiable effect on the application of economics in many ways. Stock market prices, for example, are often influenced much more by the perceptions of investors and shareholders than by actual hard data. Understanding what drives human behavior can lead to a better prepared economic model, and can also mean markets can be tailored around specific patterns of behavior.
Politics and economics are more visibly connected, thanks to the inseparable link between the science of state and the health of the economy. Interestingly, there is much debate about the level of agreement academic economists have with political economic decisions, due to the often long time scales needed to effect and alter economic models, which is often at odds with the need for quick political fixes.Learn more about Economics
According to the Business Insider, economics is like a science because economists use an empirical or scientific method to solve problems. In addition, theories in economics can be tested. The Business Insider adds that economists have access to big data, which allows them to isolate and establish the causal relationships of a scientific inquiry.Full Answer >
Investopedia explains that the origin of economic thought lies with a man named Adam Smith who was heavily influenced by French writers and philosophers. Smith developed the discipline of economics as an alternative to French mercantilism, which was an easily exploited system that benefited the wealthy at the expense of the common classes. Other important economic thinkers include Karl Marx, Milton Friedman and John Maynard Keynes.Full Answer >
Allocation in economics is an analysis of how limited resources, also called factors of production, are distributed among producers, and how scarce goods and services are divided among consumers. Accounting cost, opportunity cost, economic cost and other costs are considered in this analysis.Full Answer >
Screening in economic theory refers to the ways in which buyers filter out false information from sellers, retaining only what is true. Screening is especially necessary in contemporary markets, since products are increasingly complex for the average consumer. Non-specialist buyers of cars and other technologies rely far more on the information provided by sellers than they would in an agricultural market, for instance, where the value of products is easily assessed.Full Answer >