A mixed economy is comprised of private and publicly owned businesses that are regulated by governmental organizations. In mixed economies, such as the United States, the government is responsible for using laws to control or break up business monopolies.Know More
Governments regulate mixed economies by formulating rules and regulations to protect the producers and consumers in the market. Regulation also serves as a means of ensuring that mixed economies utilize economic resources efficiently and allocate scarce resources in a scientifically responsible manner. Governments plan the necessary production targets in private industries while protecting the defense, public utility services and heavy industries. Economic inequality is also minimized in a mixed economy because income gets redistributed through taxation and government subsidies.
Although the government does have jurisdiction over the activities that take place in a mixed economy, the amount of control the government has is comparably less than in a socialist economy, where most of, if not all of, the market is controlled by the government. Such economies rely heavily on tax revenues and are less likely to benefit from price signals or discipline imposed by market forces. It is for this reason that economists claim that mixed economies are more efficient than economies with substantial government ownership.Learn more about Economics
Countries with mixed economies include Iceland, Sweden, France, the U.S, the U.K, Cuba, Russia and China. Most industrial countries have mixed economies, but vary in the degree of government involvement. For example, in Western Europe the government generally has a stronger role, while in North America the market is more influential. The only major planned economy is North Korea.Full Answer >
Debatably, there are many different pros and cons to operating business under a mixed economic model, such as balance in markets and government interference. These pros and cons are the result of having an economy comprised of privately owned and publicly owned establishments. As the name implies, a mixed economy has its appeal as a blend of capitalism and socialism.Full Answer >
Banks play an important part in a nation's economy by providing a safe foundation for individuals and businesses to invest or deposit their money, which allows the bank to use the money in its possession for loans. The ability for the public to receive these loans enables them to make purchases, which drives the economy at different levels.Full Answer >
Commercial banks link parties with excess funds to those with a deficit of funds. They also foster economic growth, underwrite securities, act as monitors and minimize instabilities, according to Franklin Allen and Elena Carletti in "The Oxford Handbook of Banking." Banks are important players in payment systems, reports economist Sanderson Abel for The Herald.Full Answer >