A rural community comprises a group of inhabitants who live a rustic or country lifestyle. Rural communities typically have smaller populations and an agricultural setting, but some areas contain forests.
Any area that is not considered urban is rural. Countries and regions have different definitions of rural areas, and rural communities can define a region. The United States designates a rural area that has fewer than 2,500 residents in an open part of the country. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development of Canada defines a rural population as an area where over 50 percent of the population lives in a rural community. Other areas of Canada may have anywhere from 15 to 49 percent of inhabitants living in rural communities. Urban areas have fewer than 15 percent of a community dwelling in rural communities.Learn More
Rural to urban migration reduces population in rural areas, which decreases farming activities, leading to food insecurity. BBC notes that rural to urban migration can lead to child labor when many young males leave for cities in search of employment. This causes a drop in school enrollment. Rural to urban migration also causes overcrowding in urban centers, which leads to a strain on social amenities.Full Answer >
A community resource is anything that has the potential to improve the quality of life in a community, according to the Community Tool Box from the University of Kansas. Potential community resources include organizations, places, services, businesses and individuals.Full Answer >
Social infrastructure consists of the social connections and the organizations and services that build them in a community. Strong social infrastructures create strong communities with resilience and the foundations for growth in both economic capital and social justice.Full Answer >
Push factors, such as poverty within a community, limited access to education and employment, distance from resources, globalization, a person's ability to obtain better transportation in a new area, an increase in crime and the frequency of natural disasters, can affect the outgoing process of migration. Pull factors, such as higher standards of living and wages, labor demands and religious and political freedom, often dictate where migrants end up.Full Answer >