Q:

What are some schools of thought in psychology?

A:

Quick Answer

There are seven major schools of thought in psychology: structuralism, functionalism, behaviorism, psychoanalysis, humanistic, cognitive and behavioralism. These schools of thought were developed by famous psychologists like Wilhelm Wundt and Sigmund Freud.

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Full Answer

The various schools of thought in psychology are taught in universities across the world, which are often complemented by research programs.

To be successful within the field, it's important to obtain an undergraduate degree as well as a master's. According to U.S. News & World Report, the best graduate schools for psychology programs include Stanford University, University of California-Berkeley, University of California at Los Angeles, Harvard University and University of Michigan at Ann Arbor.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is humanistic psychology?

    A:

    Humanistic psychology is the fundamental belief that mental and social problems result when innately good people deviate from their natural tendencies. The concept, referred to as humanism, emerged in the 1950s as a response to pessimistic psychoanalysis and behaviorism that focused on tragic emotions rather than the role of choice.

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  • Q:

    What are some of the major schools of thought in psychology?

    A:

    Some of the major schools of thought in the field of psychology are structuralism, functionalism, behaviorism and cognitivism. The history of modern psychology can be said to have begun around 1879, when one of the first laboratories devoted exclusively to psychological study was set up by Wilhelm Wundt in Leipzig, Germany. Wundt's interest was in studying the basic components of mental processes and he is viewed as having laid the foundation for the first major school of psychology, which is structuralism.

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  • Q:

    Why do we need psychology?

    A:

    The world needs psychology because it allows people to better understand how the mind works. Having this understanding allows mental illnesses to be better diagnosed and managed, helps people manage their relationships with those around them, encourages those with depression or anxiety to take steps to improve their conditions, and promotes an overall healthier mental state.

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  • Q:

    What is incongruence in psychology?

    A:

    Incongruence comes from Carl Rogers' humanistic approach to psychology, and it reflects a difference between a person's self-image and actual experience. Almost everyone experiences a certain amount of incongruence in their life, according to Carl Rogers. It is rare for individuals to feel congruent in all areas of their life.

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