Rather than being a theory unto itself, Freud uses the iceberg is as an explanatory tool for his theory of the conscious and unconscious. In essence, Freud explains his theory topographically through the use of the iceberg as a dominant metaphor.Know More
Freud believed that much of what defines human behavior, including impulses, urges, thoughts, emotions and feelings, comes to the individual person in ways that she in not entirely cognizant of. Instead, said phenomena are produced or issue from a realm of being he termed "the unconscious." However, according to Freud, there is a smaller region from which we can actively receive and analyze information in our conscious, waking mind. This small part is what actually controls the traits and behaviors typically labeled personality.
Because of this theoretical separation between the small definable portion of being and the large, uncontrolled subconscious portion, Freud offers the topographically apt analogy of the iceberg, where the tiny visible portion at the top obscures the size and power of the submerged aspect. In technical Freudian terms, the portion nearest the surface of the water -- personality -- is called the ego. Just below the ego, nearing the bottom, is the superego, the part of a person's interiority that offers moral or social restraint against the unknown, unauthorized impulses of the subconscious. Finally, the greatest portion of the hidden mass is the id, the darkest, most recessed province of human thought, motivation and desire.Learn more about Psychology
Sigmund Freud, a psychoanalytic psychologist, explained defense mechanisms as unconscious forces that react to conflicts by acting in defense of the ego. Defense mechanisms protect the conscious mind from overwhelming feelings or anxiety-producing thoughts. There are at least 10 different defense mechanisms.Full Answer >
According to Freud, the unconscious is the mental thoughts that people are not aware of. These thoughts influence how people act and think.Full Answer >
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Dr. Sigmund Freud developed the psychoanalytic theory that states that there are three levels of consciousness. These three levels are known as the unconscious, pre-conscious and conscious.Full Answer >