The theory of social construction, explained in depth by the University of California, asserts that society places people in groups and favors certain groups over others. The International Encyclopedia states that a social construct is an idea or notion that appears to be obvious to a person who accepts it although it is not reality. Rather, it is an invention of society.Know More
The Encyclopedia of Sociology states that credit for naming this theory goes to Thomas Luckmann, who wrote "The Social Construction of Reality" in 1966. According to Luckmann, society is a product created by humans; it is an objective reality, and man is a social product.
The University of California explains in further detail that a person's societal beliefs defines what is "normal" and what is not. Society defines a person as a "man" or a "woman" based on the genitalia that the person possesses at birth. Society defines the characteristics that a man should have and those that a woman should have. It is society's opinion that men should have more power than women, so this is the way that women and men are taught from birth.
Humans learn society's beliefs from birth, and as a result, they are participants in the social construction theory. This theory also includes race, asserting that race is also used to group and class in society.Learn more about Cultures & Traditions
The cultural transmission theory, also known as cultural learning, enculturation and socialization, states that all behavior is learned from the society or culture that surrounds a person. If a child is exposed to deviant behavior, especially at a young age, then that behavior can become a learned trait.Full Answer >
Social contract theory is the belief that societies exist through a mutual contract between individuals, and the state exists to serve the will of the people. The origins of social contract theory come from Plato's writings.Full Answer >
Cultural heritage is important because it helps people connect with others who have similar backgrounds and provides a sense of unity and belonging. Cultural heritage also provides people with a link to traditions that might otherwise be lost.Full Answer >
Fashion has a big effect on the lives of people along with society as a whole by defining style and culture.. Fashion also plays a part in how people see themselves.Full Answer >