Social hierarchy is how individuals and groups are arranged in a relatively linear ladder. Social hierarchy is evident in many species of animals, but it is the most complex in humans. Socioeconomic status is one of the essential factors that creates this hierarchy.Know More
Socioeconomic status in terms of social hierarchy takes into account a wide range of elements about a person or group. Social features, such as gender, sex, age, race, religion and location, are the most visual and obvious parts of the hierarchy. Race is of particular importance because of how it relates to economic status due to historical racism and segregation. Gender is important in the same way because women have historically been granted fewer rights and are, in many ways, still fighting their way up the social hierarchy.
Economic status includes the work a person does, how much money he has and how much material wealth he possesses. This can be both tangible and intangible and is the basis for social classes. For example, the hierarchy tends to go poor, working class, middle class, higher class, with subdivisions within each major category. Social and economic factors combined is a person's socioeconomic status, which places that person within the social hierarchy. General respect of the person, such as a person who routinely does a lot of community service and volunteer work, also affects his place in the hierarchy.Learn more about Social Sciences
One advantage of Maslow's hierarchy of needs is its perceptive insight into human nature, a disadvantage is that the hierarchy fails to account for cultural or social differences between individuals. Abraham Maslow first introduced the theory in his paper, "A Theory of Human Motivation."Full Answer >
Some advantages of assimilation include that it strengthens relationships and spirits, boosts the number of the assimilated individuals in the workforce and enhances tourism. Some disadvantages of assimilation include possible increases in illegal activities, the loss of individual identity and the loss of cultural traditions.Full Answer >
Indirect discrimination is a discrete type of discrimination that involves a policy, rule or procedure that is applied to everyone in a certain area but, ultimately, puts some individuals or groups at a disadvantage. Just like direct discrimination, indirect discrimination can affect people of a certain religion, race, ethnic group or age. Indirect discrimination can be posed as a formal or informal rule, practice or policy that may control behavior or set standards in the workplace.Full Answer >
Spatial diffusion is the process by which an idea or innovation is transmitted between individuals and groups across space. It enables dispersion of concepts or things from a central point of origin to other locations that may or may not be directly connected. There are two main types of spatial diffusion: relocation diffusion and expansion diffusion.Full Answer >