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What is sociocultural perspective?

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Sociocultural perspective refers to a point of view that is built upon the idea that society and culture are major factors influencing personal development. It is an outlook that considers an individual through the lens of sociocultural theory, a psychological theory that assumes a person's cognitive development is determined by a number of social relations and environmental contexts. Fundamentally, the theory assumes that people are heavily influenced by their social environment.

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Sociocultural theory was introduced by the psychologist Lev Vygotsky, a contemporary of Sigmund Freud and B.F. Skinner. Vygotsky believed that parents, caregivers and the culture at large were responsible for a child's cognitive development, especially in regards to the development of higher order functions. From this perspective, when children are participating in an activity with a peer, caregiver or parent, their actions are based upon the environment in which they learned to navigate social relationships. As children age, their personalities and capacities are further developed by their interactions in a particular society, determined by cultural and historical events. A sociocultural perspective would be utilized in a situation in which a person's motivations for performing a certain act needed to be analyzed. Contemporary sociocultural theory in academia incorporates the influence of signs and images on the cognitive development.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What are sociocultural factors?

    A:

    Sociocultural factors are customs, lifestyles and values that characterize a society. Some examples are religion, attitudes, economic status, class, language, politics and law. These factors can affect quality of life, business and health. For example, those without economic means often have poor health, according to the National Institutes of Health.

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  • Q:

    What is the sociocultural perspective in psychology?

    A:

    The sociocultural perspective refers to the effect that society and cultural norms have on personal behavior. When studying the way the mind controls body function, psychology uses the term "sociocultural" to explain phenomena from the mundane to the extraordinary. If it does so at all, the sociocultural perspective also refers to how society and cultural in combination effect how a personal thinks and feels.

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  • Q:

    How do you determine if you have a dramaturgical perspective?

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    Those who envision the world around them as a play are said to have a dramaturgical perspective. According to Erving Goffman, the primary developer of the dramaturgical perspective, the three vehicles of a dramaturgical perspective are environment, personal appearance and interaction.

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  • Q:

    Which sociological perspective views society as being balanced?

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    The structuralist paradigm or structural fundamentalism model views society as being essentially balanced. The structuralist paradigm examines how all the components and institutions of a society work together to create a stable system.

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