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What is sociology?

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Quick Answer

Sociology refers to the study and investigation of social life, the changes taking place in society and the consequences and causes of social behavior. The study of structures of societies, groups and organizations is carried out by sociologists employing a range of investigative and research techniques applicable to an almost inclusive spectrum of social life.

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Sociologists rely upon critical analysis and empirical investigation to compile a body of knowledge that will often be applied to the development and enactment of social policies. Some sociologists focus mainly on the refinement of the theories relating to the social processes. Recently developed research techniques, both qualitative and quantitative, have included the use of mathematical, analytical and computer-based methods such as social network analysis and agent-based modeling. The varying areas of social research have been demonstrating a greater degree of overlap as the interest in remedying social problems increases.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is methodology in sociology?

    A:

    Methodology in sociology refers to the scientific way that a researcher chooses to test a social theory or concept. Sociological methods include the same methods used in other social science disciplines, such as experimentation, observation, surveys, quasi-experiments, content analysis and focus groups. Sociological researchers use both quantitative and qualitative methods to test hypotheses.

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  • Q:

    What are the branches of sociology and anthropology?

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    According to French sociologist Emile Durkheim, sociology consists of three main branches: social morphology, general sociology and social physiology. Anthropology is divided into four branches, including physical anthropology, linguistic anthropology, cultural anthropology and archaeology.

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  • Q:

    What is the significance of sociology?

    A:

    Sociology is important because it helps in solving social and international problems, gives better perspective into crime, helps in the study of institutional roles and in the understanding and planning of society. Sociology is basically defined as a study of individuals in relation to their society.

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  • Q:

    What is phenomenology in sociology?

    A:

    Phenomenology is the study of the connection between human awareness and social action. It is based on the underlying belief that society is created by humans.

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