Socrates differed from the Sophists because he believed in looking for the absolute truth in an objective fashion, while the Sophists believed that people should make decisions based on what they felt was "true" inside of themselves. Socrates felt that society needed wisdom, and that wisdom was more than the subjective "truth" that the sophists praised.Know More
Despite Socrates' difference in opinion with the Sophists, Socrates did share some of their beliefs, and died in part because of the Sophists. Socrates associated with the Sophists, and most of the Sophists were considered political enemies.
Socrates himself did not keep any records of his thoughts, beliefs or work. All of the details and records that exist today come from Socrates' contemporaries. Unfortunately, these contemporaries were biased, and the accounts cannot be considered truly accurate. What is known is that Socrates became the "foundation of Western philosophy."
Socrates lived a simple life, and did not believe in gathering obscene amounts of wealth. He also was an excellent debater, and often debated with the Sophists. The Sophists helped Socrates to develop his reasoning, which Plato would learn from and use in his own philosophy. The way that the Sophists reasoned was also one of Socrates' main criticisms of Sophism, since the sophists would teach people to memorize passages instead of relying on their own reasoning abilities.Learn more about Philosophy
Socrates contributed to philosophy by creating what is known as the fundamentals of Western philosophy. He invented the teaching practice of pedagogy, the Socratic method and contributed to the fields of ethics, epistemology and logic.Full Answer >
In addition to being considered one of the founders of Western philosophy, Socrates is remembered for his iconic trial and execution for irreverence by the Athenian democracy, his development of what came to be known as the Socratic Method and for the almost religious admiration accorded him. Socrates also led a lifestyle that was somewhat contrary to what represented the norm for citizens of Athens during the 5th century B.C. and he gained a reputation as an often irritating social and moral critic of Athenian collective notions. Rigorous self-examination was strongly advocated by Socrates, and one of his most well-known quotes is "the unexamined life is not worth living," which he famously stated at his trial.Full Answer >
Socrates believed that true knowledge had to be sought and not taught. To him, life was about internal examination and focus. He eschewed the idea of focusing on the material.Full Answer >
Socrates was accused of impiety and corrupting the youth of Athens. These charges were due to his philosophical questions and teachings. He was found guilty and was sentenced to death by drinking hemlock.Full Answer >