According to the University of Southern California’s Library Guide, a theoretical framework is the research from previous literature that defines a study’s core theory and concepts. In social science research, previous research serves as the basis for future research. Social scientists use the theoretical framework to craft a logical argument for a need for their research.Know More
The search for a theoretical framework narrows the research question and helps researchers create hypotheses. With the initial research question in mind, social scientists read all of the existing literature on the topic. While reading, researchers highlight different definitions of the same terms and the varying methodologies to find answers to key questions. Researchers develop a consistent definition for each concept and find the theories upon which their study seeks to build. The framework also reputes theories that oppose assumptions within the study. Critical analyses of the methodologies within the existing literature develop the methodology for a new study. These separate elements create one theoretical framework.
The theoretical framework in a study works as a map for the research. After an initial reading of the literature, researchers often rewrite the original research question based upon the theoretical framework. It is during this stage that researchers develop hypotheses.Learn more about Social Sciences
Qualitative research usually entails fieldwork in which researchers focus on processes rather than on outcomes; this type of research does not need a hypothesis. Some examples of qualitative research are researchers studying children in school, conducting shopper interviews, doing focus groups and immersing themselves into an experience or group.Full Answer >
According to the University of New Mexico, a causal study examines a cause and effect between variables. Causality shows a directional relationship between an independent variable, or interaction between independent variables, and a dependent variable. Researchers often employ observational or experimental methods to derive causality.Full Answer >
It is important to use primary and secondary data to test researcher bias and to gather enough information to fully explore a topic. Primary research is any data that is gathered by the researcher. This includes observations, interviews and anything else that is learned during the data collection process. In historical research, primary data is first hand accounts of events and occurrences, and original documents.Full Answer >
Experimental research is essential for uncovering facts about medicine, basic science and other fields, but sloppiness can cause problems. In addition, some experiments can be dangerous for participants. Ethics plays a significant role in experimental research.Full Answer >