According to the University of Southern California’s Library Guide, a theoretical framework is the research from previous literature that defines a study’s core theory and concepts. In social science research, previous research serves as the basis for future research. Social scientists use the theoretical framework to craft a logical argument for a need for their research.Know More
The search for a theoretical framework narrows the research question and helps researchers create hypotheses. With the initial research question in mind, social scientists read all of the existing literature on the topic. While reading, researchers highlight different definitions of the same terms and the varying methodologies to find answers to key questions. Researchers develop a consistent definition for each concept and find the theories upon which their study seeks to build. The framework also reputes theories that oppose assumptions within the study. Critical analyses of the methodologies within the existing literature develop the methodology for a new study. These separate elements create one theoretical framework.
The theoretical framework in a study works as a map for the research. After an initial reading of the literature, researchers often rewrite the original research question based upon the theoretical framework. It is during this stage that researchers develop hypotheses.Learn more about Social Sciences
Quantitative research is the gathering and analysis of measurable data to generate statistical models and numbers to explain the data. It differs from qualitative research, which gathers mostly verbal data that is then analyzed in a more subjective manner.Full Answer >
According to the University of New Mexico, a causal study examines a cause and effect between variables. Causality shows a directional relationship between an independent variable, or interaction between independent variables, and a dependent variable. Researchers often employ observational or experimental methods to derive causality.Full Answer >
Some advantages associated with primary research include efficient spending for information, greater control and the fact that this type of research is specific and the information is exclusive. Some disadvantages include high costs, longer time frames to implement and that this research may not be feasible under certain circumstances.Full Answer >
Descriptive research explores phenomena in their natural environment without using the scientific method. Sometimes it is ethically impossible to use the scientific method to determine causal relationships between variables. In those cases, the descriptive method in research yields systematic information about something without impinging on the rights of research subjects.Full Answer >