In addition to being considered one of the founders of Western philosophy, Socrates is remembered for his iconic trial and execution for irreverence by the Athenian democracy, his development of what came to be known as the Socratic Method and for the almost religious admiration accorded him. Socrates also led a lifestyle that was somewhat contrary to what represented the norm for citizens of Athens during the 5th century B.C. and he gained a reputation as an often irritating social and moral critic of Athenian collective notions. Rigorous self-examination was strongly advocated by Socrates, and one of his most well-known quotes is "the unexamined life is not worth living," which he famously stated at his trial.Know More
The Socratic Method, or dialectic method of inquiry, is considered to be Socrates' greatest contribution. Based on a series of specially constructed questions designed to determine an individual's or group's extent of knowledge or fundamental beliefs, the Socratic Method represents the inverse, or negative version, of the method of inquiry known as hypothetical elimination.
Socrates' fame can also be measured outside the world of philosophy by the many places and things that bear his name. For example, there is a crater on the moon named "Socrates," eSocrates is the name of a Web-based business enterprise and the name given to a European Union educational program is Socrates. He also appears in famous paintings, such as Raphael's "School of Athens," and is the subject of Jacques Louis David's "The Death of Socrates."Learn more about Philosophy
Plato, born around 428 B.C. in Athens, Greece, was an ancient Greek philosopher, a student of Socrates and a teacher of Aristotle who founded one of the first institutes of higher learning. He wrote on a variety of subjects, including justice, equality, politics, theology and cosmology.Full Answer >
Aside from his intelligence and wisdom, Socrates invented a new style in conversation, and priests were threatened by his inner voice. He was also accused of corrupting the social system and not valuing the Greek gods of the time.Full Answer >
Socrates believed that true knowledge had to be sought and not taught. To him, life was about internal examination and focus. He eschewed the idea of focusing on the material.Full Answer >
Socrates focused on asking probing, sometimes humiliating questions in order to learn, Plato believed in immortality of the soul and Aristotle was a champion of reason and believed in avoiding extremes. While the three philosophers had differences, they were more alike as Aristotle was the student of Plato and Plato was the student of Socrates.Full Answer >