Thomas Robert Malthus was an English cleric, scholar and economist who predicted that unchecked population growth would lead to famine and disease. His seminal work was titled "An Essay on the Principle of Population as it Affects the Future Improvement of Society, with Remarks on the Speculations of Mr. Godwin, Mr. Condorcet, and Other Writers."Know More
Malthus was born to a Utopian father, Daniel Malthus, who believed that the condition of society would continue to improve. Malthus, however, argued that because population increased geometrically, while food supplies increased only arithmetically, population would inevitably outstrip the ability of farmers to supply everyone with enough food to live. This was known as a "Malthusian Catastrophe."
Malthus saw positive and preventative checks as means to limit population growth. Positive checks, such as disease, war, disaster and famine, increase the death rate. Preventative checks, including marrying later, not having children, birth control and homosexuality, restrict the birth rate.
Malthus also advocated for welfare reform. He felt that Poor Laws encouraged the poor to have more children in order to receive increased payments. The increase in the number of poor workers also created more poor people by forcing wages downward.
Additional works by Malthus include "The Present High Price of Provisions," "Observations on the Effects of the Corn Laws" and "Principles of Political Economy." Malthus died in 1882 at the age of 76.Learn more about Population & Demography
Famine causes weight loss in adults and stunted growth in children. If the famine continues for any length of time, malnutrition starts to cause an increase in mortality. The young and the old tend to die first, and often diseases kill more individuals than overt starvation. Mass migrations may occur in response to famines.Full Answer >
The websites of the Social Security Administration and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provide statistics related to life expectancy and current age. The Social Security website provides a life expectancy calculator and an actuarial table.Full Answer >
Rhode Island is the state with the highest ratio of women to men. There are 93.43 males for every 100 females.Full Answer >
When the population experiences growth, it increases the number of people who can consume goods and services, causing the economy to experience growth. When the economy grows, this results in new industries that can provide employment to the nation's citizens.Full Answer >