The three major theoretical paradigms in sociology include the conflict paradigm, the functionalist paradigm, which is also known as structural functionalism and the symbolic interactionist paradigm. Paradigms are broad perspectives or viewpoints that allow social scientists to have a variety of tools to describe the behavior of the society, and be able to create hypothesis and theories.Know More
The conflict paradigm is used to explain factors such as the socioeconomic inequality, including poverty and wealthy, ageism and sexism. Most importantly, this paradigm is used to describe the inequalities that are found in all societies all around the world. The conflict paradigm is based on the idea that every society experiences inequality based on the social differences between the dominant group and the other groups in the society.
Those who subscribe to the ideas of the functionalist paradigm view society as socially stable and describes the mechanisms that are used to maintain social stability. It explains the various ways in which the institutions of the society, such as family and religion, work together to form social solidarity.
For those who follow the symbolic interactionist paradigm, society is viewed as small groups of people that interact according to how the various cultural symbols, such as written and spoken language, are interpreted by people in the society. However, the major interest of this paradigm is the interpretation of the cultural symbols.Learn more in Social Sciences
Nursing homes, boarding schools and prisons are all examples of total institutions. Each of these examples involves a group engaging in most or all life activities in the same insular location, governed by the same authority.Full Answer >
Sociology refers to the study and investigation of social life, the changes taking place in society and the consequences and causes of social behavior. The study of structures of societies, groups and organizations is carried out by sociologists employing a range of investigative and research techniques applicable to an almost inclusive spectrum of social life.Full Answer >
Methodology in sociology refers to the scientific way that a researcher chooses to test a social theory or concept. Sociological methods include the same methods used in other social science disciplines, such as experimentation, observation, surveys, quasi-experiments, content analysis and focus groups. Sociological researchers use both quantitative and qualitative methods to test hypotheses.Full Answer >
The study of sociology provides valuable insights into how human behavior is shaped and influenced by the societal forces of group interaction. The insight gained from a study of sociology leads to a greater understanding of how individuals and groups interact at the local, national and worldwide level. This understanding also better prepares an individual for a wide variety of career paths in the areas of human resources, business management, assessment, research and any area in which a global awareness coupled with critical thinking skills is an asset.Full Answer >