Different types of human settlements include hamlets, villages, small towns, large towns, isolated places, cities and conurbations. In some systems, types of human settlements are broken up into urban, suburban and rural; for example, the U.S. Census Bureau divides settlements into urban or rural categories based on precise definitions.Know More
Small settlements, such as hamlets and villages, have low populations and restricted access to services. Larger types of settlements, such as cities, have higher populations, higher densities and greater access to services. For example, a village may have only one or two general stores, while a large metropolis may have many specialized stores and chain stores. These differences are known as low-order service settlements and high-order service settlements. Larger settlements also have a sphere of influence affecting surrounding settlements.
Settlements may also be divided by the site chosen, such as sites selected based on resources, trading points, defensive sites, shelter and relationship to water resources. The functions of human settlements also differ, as settlements may be established as ports, market towns and resorts. Types of rural settlements may also be classified by function, such as proximity to farming, fishing and mining. Settlements that focus on one economic activity are called single functional settlements.
Human settlements may be permanent or temporary. For example, a refugee camp is a temporary settlement, while a city is a permanent settlement.Learn more about Anthropology
The different stages of human life are fetus, infancy, childhood, adolescence, adulthood and old age. The human life cycle starts at fertilization, goes through the embryonic stage and the fetal stage. After fetal growth and birth, the second stage is infancy, which is the period between birth and one year.Full Answer >
According to an article published in The Independent, the San people are most likely the oldest human population group to inhabit Earth. The claim is based on an extensive analysis of African DNA in a study published in the journal Science.Full Answer >
The expansion of the Roman Empire was from about 60 B.C. till the Empire's dissolution in 476 A.D., and many of the innovations that Romans brought to other countries were fueled in part by dwindling resources in the area of Rome itself. As the people of Rome used up firewood, and grains became scarcer due to a rising population, it was the human-environment interaction which led to the political and military decisions to conquer other lands.Full Answer >
Factors affecting life expectancy include access to and the quality of health care, genetics, living conditions, hygiene, and diet. Scientists are still debating the relative importance of these factors in determining life expectancy, as of 2015.Full Answer >