Urban life is a catchall phrase to describe life in a major city. In the United States, urban citizens tend to include white-collar workers, artists and students. Those who live in cities are typically more favorable to environmental causes and less religious than those who live in rural areas.
As of 2008, 50 percent of the global population lived in cities. What urban life involves varies greatly depending on the city's location. Urban and rural dwellers in developed countries such as the United States often share the same types of services and amenities, including Internet access, stable roads, communications and access to shopping, so the distinction between urban and rural life is less apparent.
Time magazine reports that urban life has an effect on neurological activity. Urban dwellers typically show more sensitive responses to threatening situations and stress. Children who grow up in cities also show more neurological activity in areas of the brain that regulate stress. Although researchers expected urban dwellers to become acclimated to their stress levels in the city, it turns out that city dwellers remain anxious and alert even after years of urban life. The study's results suggest the importance for urban residents to cultivate strategies for relaxation.Learn More
The term "urban" includes land areas, populations and housing developments located in urbanized areas, such as cities and towns or urban clusters, while "rural" refers to territory, populations and housing units located outside urbanized areas or clusters. Urban areas or urban centers feature densely populated landscapes, and typically have census-determined population densities of more than 1,000 residents per square mile. Rural areas, in contrast, generally have fewer than 500 people per square mile, and fall outside the borders of urbanized areas, urban clusters and their surrounding census blocks.Full Answer >
The main causes of urban problems include unemployment, rural-urban migration and the embezzlement of funds. These issues lead to different problems in one way or another.Full Answer >
German sociologist Max Weber coined the term "life chances" to describe the opportunities each individual has to improve her quality of life. According to this theory, the available resources in a person's life dictate whether her life remains the same or improves both socially and economically. Max Weber lists property ownership, education, health care, food, clothing and shelter, as the main factors that define an individual's life chances.Full Answer >
Racial, gender, age and socio-economic inequalities lead to discrimination against some people everyday. These inequalities are present in such aspects as education, the workplace, politics, community and even health care.Full Answer >