A variable interval schedule is a principle in operant conditioning where the reinforcement for a certain behavior comes at random times, or variable intervals. This is an example of intermittent reinforcement, which occurs when only some instances of a certain behavior are rewarded (and not all of them).
For a variable interval schedule, the director of the experiment would choose a certain time frame and reward the behavior only when it occurs after that time has lapsed, changing the time frame every time. This means that the reinforcement schedule is unpredictable to the subject of the experiment and the behavior that is reinforced is more likely to continue for a longer period after reinforcement has stopped.Learn More
An example of vicarious reinforcement is when a toddler learns to use the bathroom on his own because he saw his older siblings do the same and get rewarded for it. Another example is when a child eats all of her dinner in order to receive dessert because she has watched her older sister eat the entire meal and earn dessert.Full Answer >
An example of continuous reinforcement is to put children in timeout every time they misbehave. Continuous reinforcement is simply a continuation of the same response to misbehavior every time it occurs.Full Answer >
The principle of rights theory is the idea that in order for a society to be successful government must approach the making and enforcement of laws with the right intentions in respect to the end goals of the society that it governs. Members of society agree to give up some freedoms for the protection enjoyed by organized society, but governments cannot infringe upon the rights that citizens have been promised.Full Answer >
A fixed-ratio schedule is a schedule of reinforcement where a response is only reinforced upon a specified number of responses. Generally, it is a rule indicating behavior instances to be reinforced. This schedule yields a high, stable responding rate with only a brief break after the enforcer’s delivery.Full Answer >