A voluntary response sampling is a sampling in which people volunteer to participate in a survey. This is a form of biased sampling. It is impossible to get random sample using this sampling method.Know More
Voluntary response sampling is heavily biased because it focuses on volunteered survey answers rather than a random sampling. What makes this biased is because the only people who volunteer are those who have a particular interest in the topic of the survey. For example, if the survey is about feelings surrounding a particular religion, only those who feel strongly about it volunteer. This means that the resulting samples have two extreme sides with few or no middle-of-the-road responses to mellow out the results. This results in a sample that is not representative of the population. The bias often skews negative, as well.
Voluntary response sampling is useful for supporting a biased stance. For instance, if a website is anti-war and puts out a poll to its users, its users are also likely to be anti-war. The results of the poll, then, would have an anti-war view point, which the website can then cite as evidence that a population supports their views. In this way, voluntary response sampling can help research that has an agenda.Learn more about Psychology
Voluntary behavior refers to thoughts and actions aimed at or resulting from choice in nature by individuals. The opposite behavior is called reflexive or involuntary behavior. As of 2014, the existence and nature of voluntary behavior is a matter of some debate amongst neuroscientists, psychiatrists and psychologists.Full Answer >
Neutral stimulus is part of the model of classical conditioning in the field of behavioral psychology that states a stimulus elicits a response, with neutral stimulus so named as it does not provide the desired response in a subject. This term is mainly used when a stimulus is designed to cause a reflexive response.Full Answer >
According to the McGraw Hill Online Learning Center, classical conditioning is the process by which an organism learns to associate two stimuli, so one stimulus comes to produce a response that only the other stimulus did previously. Biological preparedness is the concept that animals are instinctively pre-wired to learn behaviors related to their survival.Full Answer >
A fixed-ratio schedule is a schedule of reinforcement where a response is only reinforced upon a specified number of responses. Generally, it is a rule indicating behavior instances to be reinforced. This schedule yields a high, stable responding rate with only a brief break after the enforcer’s delivery.Full Answer >