While welfare isn't inherently bad, opponents do cite a few issues with the system. Some believe the current welfare system in the United States discourages people from finding work, encourages childbearing for those who cannot afford it and doesn't provide a long-term solution to eliminating poverty.
The current welfare system was created to be a short-term solution to those experiencing financial difficulty during the Great Depression, when it is estimated that as many as one-third of all Americans were unemployed. The intention was to help families make it until more jobs could be created to sufficiently reduce unemployment rates. Over time, however, many believe that welfare has become a crutch that some use to avoid obtaining employment. Others believe that the system actually impedes a person's ability to obtain gainful employment.
Although welfare benefits are determined by individual states, another problem believed to exist in the current welfare system is the tendency of benefits to be paid in accordance with family size. Opponents of the system believe this encourages people to have children they cannot afford for the benefit of receiving additional funds. Finally, those critics who believe the entire system is ineffective primarily cite that the poverty statistics within the United States have not been dramatically reduced since welfare's creation.