Apartheid in South Africa was caused by the National Party, an all-white government that enforced a strong policy of racial segregation through legislation. This legislation was known as apartheid, and had roots in the 1913 Land Act after South African independence.Know More
Apartheid forced nonwhite South Africans, which was the majority of the population, to live in separate areas from the white people and to use separate public facilities. The two groups had limited contact with one another, and even though there was strong ongoing opposition from other countries, the apartheid held for nearly 50 years.
It was not until 1991 that the legislation began to be repealed. Nelson Mandela spent 27 years in prison, and when he was finally freed in 1990, he helped to end the apartheid in South Africa. South Africa was also forced by the international community to stop apartheid legislation. There were economic sanctions and mandatory embargo sanctions.
In 1994, it was the end of apartheid. An election that year led to a coalition government that had a nonwhite majority. This coincided with the creation of a new constitution that promoted all racial groups and repealed the Population Registration Act. Although the South Africans had a long way to go in uniting their country and erasing racial boundaries, they permanently got rid of apartheid.Learn more about Social Sciences
The causes of poverty in South Africa are numerous and complicated. A history of apartheid has exacerbated income inequality over the decades, with Africans, Asians and other non-whites restricted to low-quality education and health care with few opportunities for employment. Consultancy Africa Initiative, also known as CAI, believes that this poverty is symptomatic of a larger, systematic inequality in South African society and culture.Full Answer >
Global inequality is caused by a number of factors including population distribution, government policies, technology, corruption and economic growth rates. Global inequality is one of the greatest challenges facing the world today and various governments have taken initiatives to deal with it.Full Answer >
On an individual basis, poverty is caused by the level of education, skill, intelligence and experience one has. Mental and physical handicaps, feebleness due to age and discrimination due to sexual orientation, race, sex and other bigotry also are causes. Causes on a societal level include warfare, agricultural cycles, natural disasters, droughts and flooding.Full Answer >
Political instability can be caused by many factors, including conflict between rival parties, insufficient resources and the proximity to other nations in conflict. Political instability occurs when there is a sudden change. This sudden change can leave citizens in doubt about their nation's situation and may lead to revolt.Full Answer >