Apartheid in South Africa was caused by the National Party, an all-white government that enforced a strong policy of racial segregation through legislation. This legislation was known as apartheid, and had roots in the 1913 Land Act after South African independence.Know More
Apartheid forced nonwhite South Africans, which was the majority of the population, to live in separate areas from the white people and to use separate public facilities. The two groups had limited contact with one another, and even though there was strong ongoing opposition from other countries, the apartheid held for nearly 50 years.
It was not until 1991 that the legislation began to be repealed. Nelson Mandela spent 27 years in prison, and when he was finally freed in 1990, he helped to end the apartheid in South Africa. South Africa was also forced by the international community to stop apartheid legislation. There were economic sanctions and mandatory embargo sanctions.
In 1994, it was the end of apartheid. An election that year led to a coalition government that had a nonwhite majority. This coincided with the creation of a new constitution that promoted all racial groups and repealed the Population Registration Act. Although the South Africans had a long way to go in uniting their country and erasing racial boundaries, they permanently got rid of apartheid.Learn More
Famine, a severe shortage of food affecting a large number of people, can be the result of either man-made or natural causes. Natural causes include droughts, plant disease, insect plagues, floods and earthquakes. The human causes include poverty, war, deliberate crop destruction and the inefficient distribution of food.Full Answer >
Lack of communication in families is primarily caused by a member or members of a family not thinking of the other members' needs--either emotionally or physically, or a mixture of the two.Full Answer >
The main causes of famine include both environmental and political factors. While the vast majority of famines throughout history have been caused by unexpected environmental difficulties, many have been caused by political mismanagement. In more recent history, famines have commonly been caused by regional strife and misallocation of resources by totalitarian governments.Full Answer >
Poverty is a complex social phenomenon and, according to sociologists, some of its causes include overspending, the fatalism of the poor, the desire of the poor to live on welfare rather than working in demeaning positions, the lack of access to education and the low minimum wage. Many of the theories regarding the causes of poverty derive from stereotypes.Full Answer >