As a political philosopher of the Renaissance, Niccolo Machiavelli believed strongly in realpolitik, or doing what was best for the state and the good of its population rather than any ruling family or individual. His work "The Prince" serves as a guide for how politics should be conducted in Machiavelli's opinion.Know More
One of Machiavelli's most well-known quotes is on the benefit of love versus fear. Many people only focus on the first part, which states that a ruler must often choose between being feared or admired by his subjects and concludes that it's safer to be feared when given the choice between the two. The follow-up to the quote cautions would-be rulers to avoid becoming hated in the process of inspiring fear because hatred can make people overcome fear.
Machiavelli also believed that codes of law should be based on the observation of actual human psychology and morals rather than any preconceived thought of how people should act. He was pessimistic about human nature, referring to people as greedy, selfish beings who seize any opportunity afforded them, and he also believed that a strong ruling body was necessary to maintain social order. Machiavelli's work remains influential well after his time.Learn more about Philosophy
According to NewEncyclopedia.org, Denis Diderot had multiple beliefs. He believed "that all knowledge could be acquired through scientific experimentation and the exercise of reason." He also believed in the "value and uniqueness in individuals." Diderot also believed that "different individuals should be judged by different moral standards according to their circumstances." Another belief was that children should be taught based on their individual talent instead of as a whole.Full Answer >
Cesare Beccaria believes that torture is barbaric and cruel, and that it violates the principle that people must be proven guilty in the courts prior to punishment. Beccaria also does not believe in the use of capital punishment.Full Answer >
Rights are conferred by the state, and in exchange, the citizen has certain duties that are conferred by that right when the citizen is able to do so. This is a reciprocal exchange that is intended to uphold the rights of everyone, including those who cannot carry out those duties.Full Answer >
There are several places to look for unclaimed money, including searching records in each state in which one has lived, contacting previous employers and pension-holders and looking at old tax returns. One can access a state-by-state search by contacting the National Association of Unclaimed Property Administrators through its official website.Full Answer >