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www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0191261511000336

Transportation infrastructure management has been a subject of growing economic importance in recent years due to the magnitude of agency expenditures. Increasingly sophisticated methods have been developed to model pavement deterioration and solve for optimal management strategies. However, it is unclear ...

www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0191261515000958

We develop a bottom-up solution methodology for the system-level optimization. A bottom-up approach reflects pavement segment-specific characteristics, and provides individual optimal strategies for each segment. The performance and deterioration models are deterministic and follow Markovian properties, but consider ...

blogs.dnvgl.com/sustainability/2014/06/bottom-solution-revolution

Jun 17, 2014 ... This week the Sustainia100 was launched at our spectacular floating venue at our Høvik Head Quarter, build for our ongoing 150th anniversary celebrations.

stackoverflow.com/questions/6164629/dynamic-programming-and-memoization-bottom-up-vs-top-down-approaches

In any interesting scenario the bottom-up solution is usually more difficult to understand. However, once you do understand it, usually you'd get a much clearer big picture of how the algorithm works. In practice, when solving nontrivial problems, I recommend first writing the top-down approach and testing it ...

www.quora.com/What-is-the-difference-between-bottom-up-and-top-down-dynamic-programming-method

Originally Answered: Which approach is better to solve dynamic programming related questions in coding interviews, top-down or bottom-up? Top down solution (recursive way) is easier to come up with once you have realized the recurrence relation. While it can be hard sometimes to think the bottom up solution (iterative ...

pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2013/ta/c3ta12896b

Despite recent progress in the development of the thermoelectric power factor, improvement in the efficiency of thermoelectric materials remains limited. Over the past decade, almost all the significant advances have been made by the development of nanostructured materials. Both theoretical studies and exper.

www.washingtontimes.com/news/2018/jan/28/for-cybersecurity-problems-seek-bottom-up-solution

Jan 28, 2018 ... Everyone agrees on the need for strong cybersecurity policy. Each month, we see headlines telling of high-profile hacks and expansive bugs that threaten our nation's commerce, privacy and even our safety. But there is much disagreement on how best to proceed.

discuss.codechef.com/questions/37751/dynamic-programming-bottom-up-approach

Jan 29, 2014 ... bottom up approach is actually, a way to carry out DFS in a DAG that corresponds to the dynamic solution space of the problem. If you have thought of the top-down solution to the problem , with memoization and recursion (which is in some sense easier than coming up with bottom-up solution), you can ...

www.ecfr.eu/publications/summary/transnistria_a_bottom_up_solution

Sep 25, 2012 ... But although Transnistria has the reputation of being the most solvable of the post-Soviet conflicts, a quick and dirty deal might be detrimental to long-term progress. The authors of 'Transnistria: a bottom-up solution', Nicu Popescu and Leonid Litra, argue that what both Moldova and Transnistria need from ...