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In informal logic and philosophy, an argument map or argument diagram is a visual ... Argument maps are often designed to support deliberation of issues, ideas and ... can support the conclusion on its own: Although independent premises may jointly .... Monroe Beardsley proposed a form of argument diagram in 1950.


These give useful categories by which an argument may be analyzed. ... Backing. The backing (or support) for an argument gives additional support to the warrant by ... Unless there is evidence to the contrary, hearing aids do no harm to ears.


Toulmin Model of Argument ... Grounds refers to the proof or evidence an arguer offers. ... Grounds can consist of statistics, quotations, reports, findings, physical evidence, or various forms of reasoning. ... analysis and reasoning: reasons may be offered as proof ... Backing provides additional justification for the warrant.


Jun 19, 2017 ... Data: Evidence gathered to support the claim. ... to as the foundation): Additional logic or reasoning that may be necessary to support the warrant. ... Including a well-thought-out warrant or bridge is essential to writing a good ...


A popular form of argument is the Toulmin model (Other forms include ... Arguments may also include overtly, and sometime tacitly, three additional elements: ... form shows the warrant as a bridge between the claim and the support (evidence).


Demonstrate how to form a clear argument with appropriate support to persuade your audience. ... Confirmation, Offers the audience evidence to support your argument ... What may be more familiar to you is Stephen Toulmin's rhetorical strategy, ... Warrant, You create the connection between the claim and the supporting ...


Evidence that doesn't serve your argument must be reckoned ... Sometimes we dig up information that can only loosely support our point of view. ... If you are, you may need to return to your sources for evidence. ... to provide additional backing (Toulmin's fourth element of argument).


Jun 6, 2013 ... Evidence is what you use in persuasive writing to support the claims that you present. ... essay and look for comments he makes that may support our claim. .... More often, though, the writer needs to supply the warrant; in other ...


Arguments are claims backed by reasons that are supported by evidence. Argumentation is a social process of two or more people making arguments, responding to one ... Search form. Menu ... Experts may also rely on direct experience, but their testimony is also backed by more formal knowledge, methods, and training.