en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dual_systems_model

The dual systems model, also known as the maturational imbalance model, is a theory arising ... Casey et al. termed their model the maturational imbalance model. .... Differences in activation to anticipation of reward versus preparation to try and ... Simmons, Graham v. Florida, and Miller v. Alabama. Prior to Roper in 2005, ...

www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2475802

2002) and diminished activity in irrelevant brain regions (Brown et al. ... cognitive and neural processes (Casey et al. in press), which suggest distinct ... adolescence in the prefrontal cortex versus the accumbens (Andersen et al. ...... [ PubMed]; Rubia K, Overmeyer S, Taylor E, Brammer M, Williams SC, Simmons A, et al.

supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/543/551

The Missouri Supreme Court agreed and set aside Simmons' death sentence in favor of life .... The same reasoning applies to all juvenile offenders under 18.

www.apa.org/about/offices/ogc/amicus/miller-hobbs.pdf

Casey, B.J., et al., Structural and Functional ..... Roper v. Simmons, 543 U.S. 551 ( 2005)—differences that do not absolve juveniles of responsibility for their.

caselaw.findlaw.com/us-supreme-court/543/551.html

Case opinion for US Supreme Court ROPER v. ... For Respondent Simmons: ...... 2, 1990); Brief for Respondent 48; Brief for European Union et al. as Amici Curiae 12-13; Brief for President James ...... Casey, 505 U. S. 833, 847-850 (1992).

www.americanbar.org/content/dam/aba/publishing/preview/briefs/pdfs/03/03_633Resp.pdf

Jul 19, 2004 ... R1VP97W'BX DPC" V TPR iPD6@ AR$AB F. Y)V6F¤B F .... Simmons v. Bowersox, 235 ..... Casey, B.J., et al., Structural and Functional Brain.

www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1878929316301074

In all aspects of development, a great deal of heterogeneity exists amongst ... grey matter vs. white matter, subcortical vs cortical regions), cognitive control ... have difficulty accounting for the myriad of behaviors and heterogeneity reported in this timeframe (Cohen and Casey, 2014, Mills et al. ...... Simmons, 2005; Graham v.

www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1878929315300438

All of these reward-regions are interconnected in complex ways (see Fig. ... resulting in compromised well-being (e.g., Casey et al., 2008, Chambers et al., 2014). .... on rewarded versus neutral trials compared to adults (Padmanabhan et al., ...... A. Berkow, D.E. Simmons, B.T. HopeTargeted disruption of cocaine- activated ...

deathpenaltyinfo.org/files/pdf/KentuckyAge21DecisionEfrainDiaz.pdf

15-CR-584-001. COMMONWEALTH OF KENTUCKY v. EFRAINDIAZ. PLAINTIFF ... in Roper v. Simmons, 543 U.S. 551 (2005). .... w B. J. Casey, et al., Imaging the Developing Brain: What Have We Learned About Cognitive Development?, 9.