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Cairo is the capital and largest city of Egypt. The city's metropolitan area is the largest in the Middle East and the Arab world, and the 15th-largest in the world, and is associated with ancient Egypt, as the famous Giza pyramid complex and the ancient city of Memphis are located ...


Cairo History. Cairo has its roots in the ancient settlement of Memphis, now 24km (15 miles) southwest of the city. It was founded in 2,000 BC and ruled by King Menes who united Upper and Lower Egypt. In the 1st century, the Romans built the Babylon fortress on the Nile, the oldest structure in the city. Cairo itself was ...


Cairo: City, capital of Egypt, and one of the largest cities in Africa. Cairo has stood for more than 1000 years on the same site on the banks of the Nile, primarily on the eastern shore,... ... The organization of the metropolitan complex is understandable only in the context of the city's history. The three oldest areas constitute ...


The origins of the present-day Cairo can be traced back to the Egyptian capital of Memphis, which is believed to have been founded in the early 4th millennium BC near the head of the Nile delta, south of the present city.


Cairo was a major base for Third World and pan-Islamic groupings in this period. At the beginning of the twenty-first century, Cairo's metropolitan population exceeded 17 million. It is considered the commercial and industrial center of Egypt, the cultural capital of the Arab world, and a landmark of historical and cultural sites.


The mention of the word conjures up images of pyramids and temples, hieroglyphs and elaborately carved tombs, and the golden treasures of King Tutankhamun. However, as we begin our story of Cairo, we see that the world of Ancient Egypt does not have a great impact on the Cairo area. Though the Pyramids at Giza, ...


Jul 6, 2016 ... Cairo history most notably dates from the Roman. The city was built up by the Arabs and the Ottoman Empire to become the largest and richest capital in the world at its zenith. The discovery of the Great Pyramids nearby well and truly put the city on the map for tourists.


History. In the early fourth century, the Romans established a large town in the area now occupied by Cairo, creating the first large-scale permanent settlement in the region. In the seventh century, the Muslims conquered Egypt and moved the capital from Alexandria to a new city, Fustat, in present-day Cairo. As subsequent ...


Sep 6, 2011 ... Modern and ancient history of Cairo, Egypt including the French and British occupation and from the Abbasid period to the Ottoman Turk.