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en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Jerusalem_(1187)

The Siege of Jerusalem was a siege on the city of Jerusalem that lasted from September 20 to ... Heraclius, who argued that he must stay for the sake of Christianity, offered to absolve him of the oath, and Balian agreed. ... On Balian's orders the Crusaders surrendered the city to Saladin's army on October 2. ..... Categories:.

www.history.com/this-day-in-history/jerusalem-captured-in-first-crusade

During the First Crusade, Christian knights from Europe capture Jerusalem after seven weeks of siege and begin massacring the city's Muslim and Jewish ...

www.usna.edu/Users/history/abels/hh315/crusades_timeline.htm

The crusades were a series of holy wars called by popes with the promise of indulgences for ... The standard for a Christian “just war” as developed by Augustine (c. .... The merchant gilds (hansa) of the north German trading cities of Lübeck ...

www.christianitytoday.com/history/issues/issue-40/crusades-gallery-of-martial-monks-holy-kings.html

During the Third Crusade, while 70 miles from Jaffa, he heard that the city had fallen to Muslims and that the last defenders were surrounded. He immediately ...

www.christianitytoday.com/history/issues/issue-40/fighting-monks.html

In the new religious orders, Christians blended poverty, chastity, and military ... Activists · Denominational Founders · Martyrs · Pastors and Preachers · All Categories ... of Olives in 1152, preparing for a surprise attack on the city of Jerusalem. .... Early in the Third Crusade (1189–92), a group of German merchants formed a ...