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en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Gauthier

David Gauthier is a Canadian-American philosopher best known for his neo- Hobbesian social contract (contractarian) theory of morality, as developed in his 1986 ... our preferences (whatever they may be). A consequence is that good moral thinking is just an elevated and subtly strategic version of means-end reasoning.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_contract

In both moral and political philosophy, the social contract or political contract is a theory or ..... different version of social contract theory, as the foundations of political rights ... David Gauthier "neo-Hobbesian" theory argues that cooperation between ... In his model for the social contract, factors including trust, rationality, and ...

www.iep.utm.edu/soc-cont

John Rawls' A Theory of Justice; David Gauthier .... Hobbes' political theory is best understood if taken in two parts: his theory of human motivation, .... along with it, all of which Hobbes calls 'commodious living' are purely conventional. ..... Included in this version of the social contract is the idea of reciprocated duties: the ...

plato.stanford.edu/entries/contractarianism

Jun 18, 2000 ... While mainstream contractarian theories are hypothetical contract theories, an .... and influential contemporary contractarian theory, David Gauthier's, is in order. .... She calls her approach a “conjectural history,” which she uses both to ... Gauthier , in fact, explicitly argued that his contractarianism aids the ...

plato.stanford.edu/entries/contractarianism-contemporary

Mar 3, 1996 ... The aim of a social contract theory is to show that members of some society have ... Going further, David Gauthier argues that any system of moral ... agreement (or lack of rejection in T. M. Scanlon's version), not by the reasons that ..... In his Lectures on the History of Political Philosophy Rawls tells us that “a ...

www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/politics/faculty/hardin/research/Contractarianism.pdf

... theory. Most recently we have David Gauthier'sMorals by ... *Earlier versions of this paper werepresented at the conference, ... il recalls the heyday of contract theory in the era after the Reformation .... follow from his concern to derive morals from rational—that is, self- ..... Gauthier's program is what we might call internalist.

www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/full/10.1086/521635

In the preface to Rousseau: The Sentiment of Existence David Gauthier ... He is, of course, famous for his use of sophisticated analytical methods in moral theory: he refers ... The Discourse account of the rise of a society prompted by the call “ help me” ... program of the Emile and the political program of the Social Contract.

reasonandmeaning.com/2015/04/12/david-gauthiers-moral-contractarianism

Apr 12, 2015 ... Gauthier develops his theory of morality as part of a theory of rational choice ... we must adopt what Gauthier calls “morals by agreement,” those ...

ethicsinpr.wikispaces.com/Social+Contract+Theory+of+Morality+-+Terminology

Kant's use of the social contract is consistent with his moral theory about the capacity ... to David Gauthier's theory: basic equality in the desires and needs of people, ... situation there is a “structural problem of interaction” [10], as Gauthier calls it, ... genuine first octavo edition (first state with standing Justice) of Jean- Jacques ...