en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fictitious_defendants

A fictitious defendant is a person that cannot be identified by the plaintiff before a lawsuit is commenced. Commonly this person is identified as "John Doe" or ...

www.nfsesq.com/resources/how-to-add-a-doe-defendant-to-a-complaint

If it is later discovered that the defendant was driving another person's car at the time of the car accident, the plaintiff can amend the complaint to replace DOE 1 ...

www.litigationbythenumbers.com/wp-content/uploads/DOEexplanation.pdf

particular DOE defendant is ascertained, the plaintiff amends the complaint to refer to ... defendant's correct name for one of the DOES, thus correcting the error.

www.lockslaw.com/blog/2019/03/12/pennsylvania-adopts-new-rule-civil-procedure-address-doe-defendants

Mar 12, 2019 ... Effective April 1, 2019, the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania has adopted new ... A “John Doe” defendant refers to an anonymous defendant.

www.pabulletin.com/secure/data/vol47/47-22/918.html

Jun 3, 2017 ... (1) a defendant's actual name is unknown to the plaintiff or joining ... Official Note: This rule does not authorize use of a fictitious name in an ...

scholars.law.unlv.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1638&context=nlj

rence” test in Rule 15(c)(1)(B) would center on whether the defendant would ... party 'does not subvert the policies of the statute of limitations.'” Perrin v.

www.lacourt.org/forms/pdf/laciv105.pdf

Page 1 ... complaint, the plaintiff, being ignorant of the true name of the defendant and having designated the defendant in the complaint by the fictitious name of:.

www.avvo.com/legal-answers/what-does-it-mean-on-a-summons-doe-defendants-1-10-828724.html

does are unknown defendants. they are pled to protect the right to substitute later other defendants if it becomes necessary.

www.forryullman.com/new-pa-rule-to-address-john-jane-doe-defendants

On April 1, 2019, Pennsylvania Rule of Civil Procedure 2005 titled 'Unknown Defendant. Doe Designation', will go into effect. The rule has been adopted to ...