en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fictitious_defendants

A fictitious defendant is a person that cannot be identified by the plaintiff before a lawsuit is commenced. Commonly this person is identified as "John Doe" or ...

www.litigationbythenumbers.com/wp-content/uploads/DOEexplanation.pdf

particular DOE defendant is ascertained, the plaintiff amends the complaint to refer to ... defendant's correct name for one of the DOES, thus correcting the error.

www.pabulletin.com/secure/data/vol47/47-22/918.html

Jun 3, 2017 ... (1) a defendant's actual name is unknown to the plaintiff or joining ... Official Note: This rule does not authorize use of a fictitious name in an ...

www.lockslaw.com/blog/2019/03/12/pennsylvania-adopts-new-rule-civil-procedure-address-doe-defendants

Mar 12, 2019 ... Effective April 1, 2019, the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania has adopted new ... A “John Doe” defendant refers to an anonymous defendant.

scholars.law.unlv.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1638&context=nlj

rence” test in Rule 15(c)(1)(B) would center on whether the defendant would ... party 'does not subvert the policies of the statute of limitations.'” Perrin v.

www.avvo.com/legal-answers/what-does-it-mean-on-a-summons-doe-defendants-1-10-828724.html

does are unknown defendants. they are pled to protect the right to substitute later other defendants if it becomes necessary.

scholarship.law.berkeley.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1444&context=californialawreview

one mistakenly identified as the chargeable party, and (3) to name an ad- ditional defendant or substitute a named defendant for a Doe defendant. The Rule's ...

www.americanbar.org/groups/litigation/committees/products-liability/practice/2017/061317-resolving-fictitious-party-pleading-after-removal

Jun 13, 2017 ... And, as one might suspect, a removing defendant need not obtain a ... Moreover, a plaintiff may lose certain claims if it does not diligently seek ...

ir.lawnet.fordham.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=5491&context=flr

AGAINST JOHN DOE DEFENDANTS. Meg Tomlinson*. Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 15(c)(1)(C) governs amendments that change the party or naming of a  ...