A fictitious defendant is a person that cannot be identified by the plaintiff before a lawsuit is commenced. Commonly this person is identified as "John Doe" or ...


particular DOE defendant is ascertained, the plaintiff amends the complaint to refer to ... defendant's correct name for one of the DOES, thus correcting the error.


Jun 3, 2017 ... (1) a defendant's actual name is unknown to the plaintiff or joining ... Official Note: This rule does not authorize use of a fictitious name in an ...


Mar 12, 2019 ... Effective April 1, 2019, the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania has adopted new ... A “John Doe” defendant refers to an anonymous defendant.


rence” test in Rule 15(c)(1)(B) would center on whether the defendant would ... party 'does not subvert the policies of the statute of limitations.'” Perrin v.


does are unknown defendants. they are pled to protect the right to substitute later other defendants if it becomes necessary.


one mistakenly identified as the chargeable party, and (3) to name an ad- ditional defendant or substitute a named defendant for a Doe defendant. The Rule's ...


Jun 13, 2017 ... And, as one might suspect, a removing defendant need not obtain a ... Moreover, a plaintiff may lose certain claims if it does not diligently seek ...


AGAINST JOHN DOE DEFENDANTS. Meg Tomlinson*. Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 15(c)(1)(C) governs amendments that change the party or naming of a  ...