en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fictitious_defendants

A fictitious defendant is a person that cannot be identified by the plaintiff before a lawsuit is commenced. Commonly this person is identified as "John Doe" or ...

www.avvo.com/legal-answers/what-do-you-mean-by-does-1-to-20-on-a-judicial-cit-356349.html

In a civil action the plaintiff will typically identify "Doe" defendants. This is an abbreviation of the term "John Doe" and represents a fictitious ...

www.jstor.org/stable/1228175

The expression "Doe defendant practice" is literally broad enough to .... Then, on February 20, 1973, at a time when the cases of the first three guests are still ...

ir.lawnet.fordham.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=5491&context=flr

Article 20. 2018. Krupskiand Relation Back for Claims Against John. Doe Defendants. Meg Tomlinson. Fordham University School of Law. This Note is brought ...

law.justia.com/cases/california/court-of-appeal/3d/64/834.html

It was alleged that "each of the Defendants designated herein as a Doe is in some .... and referred only to the hospital and its employees Does 1 through 20.

ir.lawnet.fordham.edu/flr/vol86/iss4/20

This Note examines relation back for claims against John Doe defendants and concludes that this ... Available at: https://ir.lawnet.fordham.edu/flr/vol86/iss4/20.

ecf.ksd.uscourts.gov/cgi-bin/show_public_doc?2015cv3007-104

Mar 23, 2018 ... Plaintiff claims that defendants used, or failed to intervene to ... Plaintiff claims that defendant Ekis was his initial attacker on January 20,. 2013. ... Previously, they were represented as Jane and/or John Doe defendants.

scholarship.law.berkeley.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1444&context=californialawreview

tiffs often rely on naming a fictitious "John Doe" as a defendant to preserve ... nal pleading, or, after twenty days, with the written consent of the adverse party or ...

ecollections.law.fiu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1071&context=faculty_publications

Nov 11, 2014 ... later, on August 20, Mrs. Hall's counsel and the County Attorney meet ..... officers, the most frequent uses of the Doe defendant in federal courts, ...