en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fictitious_defendants

A fictitious defendant is a person that cannot be identified by the plaintiff before a lawsuit is commenced. Commonly this person is identified as "John Doe" or ...

www.nfsesq.com/resources/how-to-add-a-doe-defendant-to-a-complaint

If it is later discovered that the defendant was driving another person's car at the time of the car accident, the plaintiff can amend the complaint to replace DOE 1 ...

www.litigationbythenumbers.com/wp-content/uploads/DOEexplanation.pdf

particular DOE defendant is ascertained, the plaintiff amends the complaint to refer to ... defendant's correct name for one of the DOES, thus correcting the error.

www.jstor.org/stable/1228175

The following hypothetical illustrates the operation of California's unique Doe defendant prac- tice. Suppose that on the same day, April 1, 1969, four similar but .

www.lockslaw.com/blog/2019/03/12/pennsylvania-adopts-new-rule-civil-procedure-address-doe-defendants

Mar 12, 2019 ... Effective April 1, 2019, the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania has adopted new ... A “John Doe” defendant refers to an anonymous defendant.

blog.ceb.com/2017/06/02/amending-a-complaint-to-name-a-doe-defendant

Jun 2, 2017 ... That's when you include them in the complaint as "Doe defendants," i.e., ... to defendants brought into litigation less than 1 month before trial).

pubcit.typepad.com/clpblog/files/VPcomplaint.pdf

OTHER JOHN DOE ENTITIES 1 THROUGH 10, all whose true names are unknown,. Defendants. COMPLAINT. Plaintiff, Video Professor, Inc. ("VPI"), through ...

www.pabulletin.com/secure/data/vol49/49-6/182.html

Feb 9, 2019 ... (1) a defendant's actual name is unknown to the plaintiff or joining party after having ... The unknown defendant should be designated by a Doe ...

www.lacourt.org/forms/pdf/LACIV105.pdf

Page 1 ... complaint, the plaintiff, being ignorant of the true name of the defendant and having designated the defendant in the complaint by the fictitious name of:.