en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fictitious_defendants

A fictitious defendant is a person that cannot be identified by the plaintiff before a lawsuit is commenced. Commonly this person is identified as "John Doe" or ...

www.nfsesq.com/resources/how-to-add-a-doe-defendant-to-a-complaint

If it is later discovered that the defendant was driving another person's car at the time of the car accident, the plaintiff can amend the complaint to replace DOE 1 ...

www.litigationbythenumbers.com/wp-content/uploads/DOEexplanation.pdf

particular DOE defendant is ascertained, the plaintiff amends the complaint to refer to ... defendant's correct name for one of the DOES, thus correcting the error.

www.jstor.org/stable/1228175

The following hypothetical illustrates the operation of California's unique Doe defendant prac- tice. Suppose that on the same day, April 1, 1969, four similar but .

blog.ceb.com/2017/06/02/amending-a-complaint-to-name-a-doe-defendant

Jun 2, 2017 ... That's when you include them in the complaint as "Doe defendants," i.e., ... to defendants brought into litigation less than 1 month before trial).

www.clearinghouse.net/chDocs/public/JC-CA-0020-0006.pdf

*1 Before the Court is Plaintiffs Darcelle Chatoian. (“Chatoian”), Cynthia ... Court is Defendants' Motion to Strike/Dismiss the Doe. Defendants from the First ...

law.justia.com/cases/california/court-of-appeal/3d/64/834.html

1 [64 Cal. App. 3d 837]. Plaintiff allegedly was injured on or about October 23, ... It was alleged that "each of the Defendants designated herein as a Doe is in ...

www.pabulletin.com/secure/data/vol49/49-6/182.html

Feb 9, 2019 ... (1) a defendant's actual name is unknown to the plaintiff or joining party after having ... The unknown defendant should be designated by a Doe ...

www.lockslaw.com/blog/2019/03/12/pennsylvania-adopts-new-rule-civil-procedure-address-doe-defendants

Mar 12, 2019 ... Effective April 1, 2019, the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania has adopted new ... A “John Doe” defendant refers to an anonymous defendant.