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Each nucleotide in RNA contains a ribose sugar, with carbons numbered 1' through 5'. A base is attached to the 1' position, in general, adenine (A), cytosine ( C), guanine (G), or uracil (U). Adenine and guanine are purines, cytosine and uracil are pyrimidines. A phosphate group is attached to the 3' ...


Cells access the information stored in DNA by creating RNA to direct the synthesis of proteins through the process of translation. Proteins within a cell have many functions, including building cellular structures and serving as enzyme catalysts for cellular chemical reactions that give cells their specific characteristics.


Start studying Structure & Function of DNA and RNA. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.


RNA is like half of the ladder. The basic structure is the same, but there is only one nitrogenous base along it. However, RNA does not have the base Thymine. It has Uracil instead. Also, the sugar in DNA is deoxyribose while the sugar in RNA is ribose. Message. Sherry C. - RNA and DNA Structure and Function tutor.


Understanding the structure and function of RNA is important to a fundamental knowledge of genetics; in addition, many developing medical therapies will .... In general, protein synthesis refers to the assembly of a protein using information encoded in DNA, with RNA acting as an intermediary to carry information and assist ...


If the total sequence of the RNA is known, then the location of the modified nucleotides can be located within the molecule. (This technique, which is also useful for locating protein-binding sites in DNA, is described in Chapter 10.) Thus the overall structure and function of ribosomes during protein synthesis is finally, after 40 ...


CHEMICAL STRUCTURE OF RNA. Each RNA molecule made up with ribonucleotide linkage; Each nucleotide is made up with 3 components. A phosphate group; A ribose sugar; A nitrogen base. Nitrogenous base hold together by covalent bonds; RNA molecule have two purine base (adenine, guanine) and two ...


Mar 2, 2013 ... RNA- A polymer of ribonucleotides, is a single stranded structure. There are three major types of RNA- m RNA,t RNA and r RNA. Besides that there are small nuc…

Mar 8, 2017 ... 11:30 · From RNA to protein synthesis - Duration: 2:51. Vidya-mitra 14,159 views · 2:51. RNA biology | RNA structure and functions (mRNA, tRNA and rRNA) - Duration: 4:19. Shomu's Biology 20,445 views · 4:19 · Simple explanation of Types of RNA with a solved example. NEET Botany XII - Duration: 9:03.