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en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gnosticism

Gnosticism is a modern name for a variety of ancient religious ideas and systems, originating in Jewish-Christian milieus in the first and second century AD. Based on their readings of the Torah and other Biblical writings, these systems believed that the material world is created by an emanation of the highest God, trapping ...

gnosis.org/gnintro.htm

Summary of the Gnostic worldview and Gnostic understanding of Cosmos, Diety, Salvation and Human destiny. Essay authored by Dr. Stephan Hoeller.

www.newadvent.org/cathen/06592a.htm

History of Gnosticism from its pre-Christian roots through its developed doctrines concerning cosmogony, the Sophia-myth, soteriology, and eschatology. Includes information on rites, schools, and literature.

www.gotquestions.org/Christian-gnosticism.html

Gnosticism was perhaps the most dangerous heresy that threatened the early church during the first three centuries. Influenced by such philosophers as Plato, Gnosticism is based on two false premises. First, it espouses a dualism regarding spirit and matter. Gnostics assert that matter is inherently evil and spirit is good.

www.iep.utm.edu/gnostic

Gnosticism. Gnosticism (after gnôsis, the Greek word for "knowledge" or "insight") is the name given to a loosely organized religious and philosophical movement that flourished in the first and second centuries CE. The exact origin(s) of this school of thought cannot be traced, although it is possible to locate influences or  ...

www.theopedia.com/gnosticism

Gnosticism. Gnosticism is a heresy which is made up of a diverse set of beliefs. It is the teaching based on the idea of gnosis (a Koine Greek word meaning "secret knowledge"), or knowledge of transcendence arrived at by way of internal, intuitive means. While Gnosticism thus relies on personal religious experience as its ...

www.earlychristianwritings.com/gnostics.html

Gnostics, Gnostic Gospels, & Gnosticism. A one-sentence description of Gnosticism: a religion that differentiates the evil god of this world (who is identified with the god of the Old Testament) from a higher more abstract God revealed by Jesus Christ, a religion that regards this world as the creation of a series of evil ...

www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/gnosticism

Define gnosticism: the thought and practice especially of various cults of late pre- Christian and early Christian centuries distinguished by the…

www.britannica.com/topic/gnosticism

Gnosticism, any of various related philosophical and religious movements prominent in the Greco-Roman world in the early Christian era, particularly the 2nd century. The designation gnosticism is a term of modern scholarship. It was first used by the English poet and philosopher of religion Henry More (1614–87), who ...