en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fictitious_defendants

A fictitious defendant is a person that cannot be identified by the plaintiff before a lawsuit is commenced. Commonly this person is identified as "John Doe" or ...

www.avvo.com/legal-answers/what-does--does-1-to-25--mean--1097570.html

John Doe fictitious. ... "Does [which is plural for "Doe"] 1-25" simply refers to any defendants whom the plaintiff ... Defendants #1-25 not named.

answers.justia.com/question/2010/10/24/definition-does-1-100-inclusive-726

Oct 24, 2010 ... A: "Does", "John Doe" or "Jane Doe" are placeholder name used in legal actions for people whose true identity is unknown or must be withheld ...

biblehub.com/john/1-25.htm

then asked John, "If you are not the Messiah nor Elijah nor the Prophet, why do you baptize? .... By what authority does he these things? ... NT Gospels: John 1: 25 They asked him Why then do you (Jhn Jo Jn) Christian Bible Study Resources , ...

pubcit.typepad.com/clpblog/files/VPcomplaint.pdf

Defendants identified at this juncture as John and Jane Doe defendants. ... Upon information and belief, Defendants John Doe Corporations 1 through 10.

www.cleveland.com/open/index.ssf/2010/06/ohio_supreme_court_clarifies_r.html

Jun 8, 2010 ... While Ohio law allows plaintiffs to file "placeholder" lawsuits with nameless defendants such as John Doe, the Ohio Supreme Court says the ...

www.nfsesq.com/resources/how-to-add-a-doe-defendant-to-a-complaint

In California, if you are ignorant of the name or identity of a defendant, you may still name that defendant in your complaint by naming him as a “Doe” (as in John  ...

www.rcfp.org/journals/news-media-and-law-fall-2015/white-paper-anonymous-civil-l

The use of pseudonyms in litigation “is without precedent in English or early American common law, when the pseudonym 'John Doe' was used only to ...

www.fec.gov/resources/cms-content/documents/doe_doe_ac_reply_brief.pdf

Jul 2, 2018 ... FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA CIRCUIT. JOHN DOE 1 AND JOHN DOE 2,. Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. FEDERAL ELECTION COMMISSION,.