en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fictitious_defendants

A fictitious defendant is a person that cannot be identified by the plaintiff before a lawsuit is commenced. Commonly this person is identified as "John Doe" or " Jane Doe". ... At the beginning of the lawsuit, it may be impossible to determine which medical professional was negligent, so all persons who treated the plaintiff must ...

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Doe

"John Doe" (for males) and "Jane Doe" (for females) are multiple-use names that are used ... John Hurrell Luscombe v Yates, Hawker, and Mudge (1822) 5 B. & Ald. 544 ... The Oxford English Dictionary states that John Doe is "the name given to the .... "McKeogh -v- John Doe 1 & ors : Judgments & Determinations : Courts ...

www.avvo.com/legal-answers/what-does-it-mean-on-a-summons-doe-defendants-1-10-828724.html

Yes, to reiterate, a "DOE" defendant, as in "John Doe" is a defendant that is sued under that name because there may be people who you have ...

www.cleveland.com/open/2010/06/ohio_supreme_court_clarifies_r.html

Jun 8, 2010 ... In a 5-to-1 ruling, the court said that interpretation of Ohio Civil Rule 15 is ... she listed other potential defendants as John Doe 1 through 5.

pubcit.typepad.com/clpblog/files/VPcomplaint.pdf

Upon information and belief, Defendants John Doe Corporations 1 through 10 ... 5. This Court has subject matter jurisdiction over VPI's claims pursuant to 28 ...

ir.lawnet.fordham.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=5491&context=flr

Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 15(c)(1)(C) governs amendments that change the ... defendants previously named as John Doe to be outside the scope of the rule, .... after the stay was completed.5 Instead, he was forced to return to general.

www.rcfp.org/journals/news-media-and-law-fall-2015/white-paper-anonymous-civil-l

[1] But in all of the media coverage, one detail was absent: the patient's name. ... [ 5] Courts may simply be less focused on the issue because they do not view a .... when the pseudonym 'John Doe' was used only to designate a defendant in the ...

caselaw.findlaw.com/us-8th-circuit/1291733.html

Jul 16, 2009 ... Case opinion for US 8th Circuit SILTA INC v. John Does, Number 1 through 5, Defendants.. Read the Court's full decision on FindLaw.

www.bc.edu/content/dam/files/schools/law/bclawreview/pdf/50_5/04_lidsky.pdf

1 See Lyrissa Barnett Lidsky, Silencing John Doe: Defamation & Discourse in Cyberspace, 49 ... sought to obtain the identities of the Doe defendants by subpoenaing ... information without even notifying the Does that it was being sought.5.