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Feb 4, 2011 ... Writers sometimes use the surname of the first author followed by et al. at the first mention of a work that has three, four, or five authors. Only when a work has six or more authors should the first in-text citation consist of the first author followed by et al. With five or fewer authors, all the author surnames ...


Learn what et al. is, how to use it, and what mistakes to avoid. ... If the answer is no, you may have trouble with some Latin abbreviations, such as i.e., e.g., or et al . ... Et Al. vs. Etc.—What's the Difference? What's the difference between et al. and etc.? Whereas etc. refers to a list of things, et al. refers to a list of people. Etc. is ...


I would say there is a definite distinction between the two, in definition and in proper usage. Et cetera, often shortened to etc., means literally 'and the rest'. Et alii, often shortened to et al., means 'and others' and can be thought of as a specific case of et cetera when the 'rest' refers to a list of persons. It is often seen in ...


Keep using etc. instead of et al.? Check out Ginger's spelling book and make sure you never confuse etc. and et al. again!


What does the abbreviation et al. stand for? Meaning: and others.