en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Barbary_War

The First Barbary War (1801–1805), also known as the Tripolitanian War and the Barbary Coast War, was the first of two Barbary Wars, in which the United ...

www.brookings.edu/opinions/thomas-jefferson-and-mohammed-ali-jinnah-dreams-from-two-founding-fathers

On July 4, 2010, Akbar Ahmed offers an insightful comparison between American founding father Thomas Jefferson, and Mohammed Ali Jinnah, founder of the ...

media.ca11.uscourts.gov/opinions/pub/files/201511690.pdf

Aug 16, 2018 ... WILLIAM R. MUHAMMAD, et al.,. Plaintiffs - Appellees, ... 2014), and In re Jefferson County, 474 B.R. 228, 236–45 (Bankr. N.D. Ala. 2012),.

law.justia.com/cases/mississippi/supreme-court/1993/92-ca-470-1.html

On December 5, 1991, the Jefferson County Chancery Court rendered a decision granting Mrs. Muhammad custody of the children and a divorce on the ground ...

www.newsweek.com/jefferson-constitution-and-quran-why-founding-fathers-defense-muslims-matters-619541

Jun 3, 2017 ... This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article. An estimated 3.3 million American Muslims are celebrating ...

www.loc.gov/loc/lcib/0205/tolerance.html

A selection from Jefferson's autobiography where he expresses satisfaction over ... neighbors as an alien presence outside the limits of American life and history. ... see the opinions of Confucius or Mohammed inculcated upon our youth than ...

www.libertarianism.org/columns/islam-tolerance-thomas-jefferson

Jun 29, 2017 ... Jefferson, after all, was ambiguous about his own religious beliefs, .... John Calvin referred to the Pope and Muhammad as the “two horns of the ...

www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/Public/focus/essay1009_jefferson.html

It was the end of the first Barbary War, and Jefferson was anxious to establish better .... Muslims believe that Muhammad cleared these idols from the Kaaba and ...

www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2015/12/11/how-thomas-jefferson-and-other-founding-fathers-defended-muslim-rights

Dec 11, 2015 ... Indeed, Jefferson and others explicitly mentioned Muslims in ... for establishing the tenets of Mohammed by those who believe the Al Koran.