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Chiropractic is a form of alternative medicine mostly concerned with the diagnosis and ... The efficacy and cost-effectiveness of maintenance chiropractic care are unknown. ... The American Medical Association called chiropractic an " unscientific cult" in ...... In Haldeman S, Dagenais S, Budgell B, et al. ..... NCMIC Group. p.


This booklet also describes the ASIA (American Spinal Injury Association) ... Paraplegia: This term refers to impairment or loss of motor and/or sensory ..... In a patient with a potentially unstable spine, care must be taken when performing any manual muscle testing. ..... Alexander MS, Biering-Sorensen F, Bodner D, et al.


American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) has published the International Standards for .... Descriptive analysis was completed using SPSS (v 14), and SAS (SAS Institute ... After training, the percentage of all health care providers' incorrect .... A follow-up paper by Cohen et al (23) reported improvements in the ISCSCI after ...


May 18, 2018 ... Eligible participants were active-duty US service members aged 18 to 50 years with low back pain from a ..... 2018 Goertz CM et al. JAMA ...


Mar 1, 2018 ... Many chiropractic patients have cervical spine pathology and/or peripheral ... determine the therapeutic approach—and refer the patient for additional care as needed. ... published in the prestigious American Journal of Sports Medicine. ... Nikolaidis, I., et al., Surgery for cervical radiculopathy or myelopathy.


Nov 1, 2016 ... The ASIA (American Spinal Injury Association) Impairment Scale (AIS), based on the Frankel scale, ... 2008 based on data from Kirshblum et al.


Just how risky is chiropractic neck treatment (cervical manipulation)?; How risky are ... Clinic in Chicago, without a single case of vertebral artery stroke or serious injury. ... Mutual Insurance Company (NCMIC), which insures over 50 percent of US ... Finally, in what might be the best documented study to date, Klougart et al ...


Dagenais et al. 2015 ... Chiropractors in the US treat spine pain almost exclusively, with the most common ... At least one study group did not receive chiropractic care, or study design otherwise ...... The NCMIC Foundation is a nonprofit organization focused on research and educational projects relating to chiropractic care.


American Chiropractic Association ... Doctors of Chiropractic (DCs) are utilized by all 32 National Football League teams12 in optimizing the functionality, endurance ... primary care physician/MD (i.e., family or internal medicine).17 .... 25 NCMIC, 2013. https://www.ncmic.com/ Shaw. ... 28 Chou R, Qaseem A, Snow V et al.