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en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FCC_fairness_doctrine

The fairness doctrine of the United States Federal Communications Commission (FCC), ... limited the opportunity for access to the airwaves, created a need for the doctrine. .... FCC in that it applies to a newspaper, which, unlike a broadcaster, ..... the broadcast industry, and the fairness doctrine 1981–1987, New York: ...

www.sparknotes.com/us-government-and-politics/american-government/the-media/section3

A summary of Government Regulation of the Media in 's The Media. ... Communications Commission (FCC) issues these licenses and is in charge of regulating the airwaves. ... Act in 1996 to allow companies to own even more media outlets.

www.economist.com/business/2005/07/21/scrubbing-the-airwaves

Jul 21, 2005 ... MORE than any other industry, America's multi-billion-dollar entertainment business is caught in the crossfire of the country's culture war. Media ...

foreignpolicy.com/2015/11/11/oligarchs-on-the-airwaves-ukraine-media

Nov 11, 2015 ... More damning for Ukraine's media industry — and perhaps, the future of ... at a time when few Ukrainians had access to online media. ... In fact, all ten of the country's most popular channels are owned by powerful oligarchs.

bostonreview.net/archives/BR23.3/mcchesney.html

I will not dwell here on the weaknesses of the current US media system, ... In such societies, media are the principal source of political information and access to public ... as arguably the fastest-growing and most profitable branch of the TV industry ... Even in broadcasting, where the publicly owned airwaves are licensed to ...

www.jstor.org/stable/41069945

Media Industry by Robert Chrisman ... transformed the traditional role of media as a reflective force. .... access and governance of the airwaves is a fundamental ...

govinfo.library.unt.edu/piac/novmtg/pubint.htm

The scarcity of access to the airwaves is, in this sense, a creature of .... As new media industries arose and a new set of FCC Commissioners took office, the FCC ...

www.press.uchicago.edu/books/excerpt/2015/De_Leon_Thats_Way_It_Is.html

At the end of the war, at the government's and television industry's behest, AT&T ... large swaths of rural America, many viewers lacked access to the networks.

www.nytimes.com/2008/11/05/technology/internet/05spectrum.html

Nov 4, 2008 ... Over the objections of television broadcasters and other groups, federal ... Commissioners said such access could be more reliable than Wi-Fi, which ... the Broadway theater industry, which argued that new devices using the ...