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A class action, class suit, or representative action is a type of lawsuit where one of the parties is ... In a typical class action, a plaintiff sues a defendant or a number of .... Under § 1332(d)(2) the federal district courts have original jurisdiction over ..... With the individual positions varying greatly, a political consensus could not ...


For example, plaintiffs may not constitutionally subject a defendant to a ... to 23(c )(2) and the discretionary notice under 23(d)(2) were intended to fulfill the .... the class predominate over any questions affecting only individual members, and.


the sparse law governing defendant class action lawsuits and its potential applicability to ... of over 197,000 guns used in crimes.2 The ATP, through its tracing stud- ..... tion even though the individuals are not identically situated?“ ' .... limit defendant ciass ueatment to perfectly common issues.” d. Adequate Representation.


(2) Action in the Name of the United States for Another's Use or Benefit. When a ... (1) for an individual who is not acting in a representative capacity, by the law of the individual's domicile;. (2) for a ... (d) Public Officer's Title and Name. A public ...


Although a plaintiff need not identify individual class members prior to class certification, .... Rule 23(b)(2) requires not only that the defendant have engaged in a .... particular forum; and (D) the likely difficulties in managing a class action.”.


(D) state the time within which the defendant must appear and defend; ... (ii) for a defendant subject to service under Rule 4(h), to an officer, a managing or ... Waiving service of a summons does not waive any objection to personal ... (A) delivering a copy of the summons and of the complaint to the individual personally;.


3 28 U.S.C. §§ 1332(d) & 1453. 4 15 U.S.C. ... under CAFA? Does CAFA jurisdiction continue to exist even if a class is not certified? ... An individual's citizenship is based on domicile, which is not necessarily his place of ... defendants);23 (2) no defendant is a citizen of the forum state;24 (3) all defendants join in or consent ...


individual plaintiff's claims (28 U.S.C. § 1332(d)(2), (6); see. Amount in ... defendants to allow jurisdiction where at least one plaintiff is diverse from at least one ... removed action)). A class need not be certified before a court may assert federal.


constitutional limitations on choice of law in multistate class actions; Section C ... proof”) and may not deprive defendants of the right to put on individualized ..... of Rule 23(b)(3) by requesting certification under. Rules 23(b)(1)(A) or (b)(2). D.