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en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moon_landing

A Moon landing is the arrival of a spacecraft on the surface of the Moon. This includes both ... After the unsuccessful attempt by the Luna 1 to land on the moon in 1959, ..... spacecraft body that was equipped to take images of the lunar surface with a ..... Plans for manned Moon exploration originated during the Eisenhower ...

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Far_side_of_the_Moon

The far side of the Moon, sometimes figuratively known as the dark side of the moon, is the hemisphere of the Moon that always faces away from Earth. The far side's terrain is rugged, with a multitude of impact craters and relatively few flat lunar maria. It has one of the largest craters in the Solar System, the South Pole– Aitken .... Newer research suggests that the reason the side of the moon facing Earth ...

history.nasa.gov/afj/launchwindow/lw1.html

Apollo lunar landing launch window: The controlling factors and constraints ... Trajectory geometry constraints and spacecraft performance capabilities .... One final consideration in the launch phase was the desirability of a daylight launch. .... Crew timeline plans dictated that this would take in the order of 1.5 to 2 hours,  ...

www.wired.com/2014/06/high-noon-on-the-moon-1991

Jun 29, 2014 ... If one looks carefully, one might see that the part of the Nearside not yet lit by .... For this reason, full moon is when lunar eclipses - during which the ... and lighting conditions were a critical part of landing site planning and mission timing. ... the Sun would shine behind the spacecraft so that it would not glare ...

www.smithsonianmag.com/us-history/apollo-11-flight-plan-180957225

Nov 24, 2015 ... How NASA's Flight Plan Described the Apollo 11 Moon Landing ... On July 1, 1969, the Manned Spacecraft Center in Houston issued a 363-page Final Flight ... of duties including taking photographs and samples of the terrain, planting a U.S. flag, ... The Real Reason Humans Need to Sleep Under Blankets.

www.armaghplanet.com/blog/nasas-lunar-module-everything-you-need-to-know.html

Sep 2, 2011 ... The Lunar Module was an iconic spacecraft which carried two-man crews to and ... On completion of their explorations the pair would take off in the two-part .... This mission did everything short of landing: astronauts Stafford and ... However, only one LM variant was actually built, the Extended Stay version.

www.history.com/topics/apollo-11

About six-and-a-half hours later, Armstrong became the first person to walk on the moon. As he set took his first step, Armstrong famously said, “That's one small  ...

www.space.com/17616-apollo-9.html

Sep 14, 2012 ... The Apollo 9 lunar module, Spider, flies away from the command ... Scott's commander, Neil Armstrong, stabilized the ship and the two had an early, but safe landing. ... from one spacecraft to the other if for some reason, the lunar module ... That said, a space mission is often about adapting plans as you go, ...

qz.com/918714/nasa-is-planning-a-risky-manned-mission-around-the-moon-at-trumps-behest

Feb 24, 2017 ... NASA's Trump-inspired moon mission is still looking for a reason to exist ... Human flight onboard the new rocket was not originally planned until 2021, to allow for careful ... called the Space Launch System, and a spacecraft called Orion. ... suggest annual costs of $2 billion, assuming one launch each year.