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blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2011/11/the-proper-use-of-et-al-in-apa-style.html

Nov 3, 2011 ... by Chelsea Lee. Academic writing is full of little conventions that may seem opaque to the uninitiated. One of these is the Latin phrase et al., an abbreviation meaning “and others.” It is used to shorten lists of author names in text citations to make repeated referencing shorter and simpler. Note that et al. is ...

grammarist.com/usage/et-al

Jun 21, 2011 ... Et al. does not need to be italicized in normal use. It does take a period after the second word, even when it falls in the middle of a sentence. In general, et al. is best reserved for citations and other parenthetical remarks in academic or other types of formal writing. It can sound unnatural when read aloud, ...

www.wikihow.com/Use-Et-Al

Apr 4, 2017 ... How to Use Et Al. Latin abbreviations, like etc. and et al. are used frequently and often incorrectly. Et al. means "and others", and abbreviates people in a list, while etc. can be used to abbreviate almost anything. http://www.gingerso...

academicguides.waldenu.edu/writingcenter/apa/citations/etal

Using et al. With three, four, and five authors, you will cite all of the authors at first mention. Each subsequent mention you will abbreviate to just the first surname followed by et al. For example, the first time Rasmussen, Hopkins, and Fitzpatrick (2004) is used, the source is cited like this: In research-based development ...

www.businesswritingblog.com/business_writing/2009/11/dear-john-et-al.html

Nov 10, 2009 ... Sorry, Doug. I am voting no--for several reasons: Many people do not know the meaning of et al., so using it will confuse readers. Dear and hello are warm, positive words. Et al., the abbreviation of et alii, is about as friendly as a flu shot. They don't fit well together. The use of et al. is not standard in greetings ...

www.scribendi.com/advice/how_to_use_et_al.en.html

Clueless about how to use et al. in your paper? No need to fear. This handy guide will have you "rollin' with the homies" and citing like a pro in no time. Before we get into the nitty-gritty details, it helps to first understand the literal meaning of the phrase. That way, you'll know exactly what you're saying when you use the term.

www.grammarly.com/blog/et-al

Even if you don't speak Latin, you should know the two meanings of et al. Learn what et al. is, how to use it, and what mistakes to avoid.

editingandwritingservices.com/how-do-i-punctuate-et-al

Jan 25, 2012 ... By Judy Vorfeld. If you do much reading, or are in certain professions, you not only come across the expression et al., but know what it means. Et al. used to be used just in the U.S. in legal documents, but for many years it's been used in most bibliographies as well. And other places. It's used, says Wikipedia ...

www.e-education.psu.edu/styleforstudents/c3_p28.html

It is important to use these abbreviations literally and to punctuate them correctly. Many writers confuse "e.g." and "i.e.," and many type "et al." improperly or do not properly recognize what words it represents. The abbreviation "e.g." is from the Latin exempli gratia and means, literally, "for example." Periods come after each  ...