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editingandwritingservices.com/how-do-i-punctuate-et-al

Jan 25, 2012 ... By Judy Vorfeld. If you do much reading, or are in certain professions, you not only come across the expression et al., but know what it means. Et al. used to be used just in the U.S. in legal documents, but for many years it's been used in most bibliographies as well. And other places. It's used, says Wikipedia ...

blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2011/02/et-al-when-and-how.html

Feb 4, 2011 ... Once an in-text citation has been mentioned one time, all subsequent citations to a work with three or more authors should consist of the surname of the first author followed by et al. 3. Many writers use et al. correctly in terms of context but make italicization or punctuation errors. I have italicized et al. in this ...

grammarist.com/usage/et-al

Jun 21, 2011 ... Et al.is an abbreviation of the Latin loanphrase et alii, meaning and others. It is similar to etc. (short for et cetera, meaning and the rest), but whereas etc. applies to things, et al. applies to people. Et al. does not need to be italicized in normal use. It does take a period after the second word, even when it falls ...

academicguides.waldenu.edu/writingcenter/apa/citations/etal

Using et al. With three, four, and five authors, you will cite all of the authors at first mention. Each subsequent mention you will abbreviate to just the first surname followed by et al. For example, the first time Rasmussen, Hopkins, and Fitzpatrick (2004) is used, the source is cited like this: In research-based development ...

www.e-education.psu.edu/styleforstudents/c3_p28.html

It is important to use these abbreviations literally and to punctuate them correctly. Many writers confuse "e.g." and "i.e.," and many type "et al." improperly or do not properly recognize what words it represents. The abbreviation "e.g." is from the Latin exempli gratia and means, literally, "for example." Periods come after each  ...

english.stackexchange.com/questions/389956/is-et-al-always-accompanied-by-a-period

May 19, 2017 ... Yes, it should always be accompanied by a period. Since et al. is the abbreviation of and others, where et al. could be an abbreviation for et alii, et aliae or et alia when referring to masculine, feminine or gender neutral groups respectively.

www.businesswritingblog.com/business_writing/2009/11/dear-john-et-al.html

Nov 10, 2009 ... The use of et al. is not standard in greetings, so people will stumble over it, wondering whether they missed an important new rule somewhere. Writers using the unusual greeting will worry about how to punctuate after it, and their readers will spend time questioning whatever punctuation choice the writers ...

www.lawprose.org/lawprose-lesson-134-punctuating-around-e-g-i-e-etc-and-et-al

Sep 17, 2013 ... How should you punctuate around the common Latin abbreviations e.g., i.e., etc., and et al.? With e.g. (= for example) and i.e. (= that is), the usual convention in AmE is to precede it with a comma or a dash, and invariably to follow it with a comma {He trades in farm commodities, e.g., corn and sorghum.} ...

www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/et%20al.

Punctuation isn't the only confusing thing about et al. Its Latin origin causes some confusion too, because the phrase in Latin could be written three different ways, depending on whether the other things one referred to were masculine (et alii), feminine (et aliae), or neuter (et alia). Another aspect of this word that creates ...