en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proto-Indo-European_language

Proto-Indo-European (PIE) is the linguistic reconstruction of the common ancestor of the .... Grimm showed correlations between the Germanic and other Indo-European languages and ..... "Linguistics – The comparative method | science". .... of Modern Languages, Department of World Cultures, Indo- European Studies ...

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indo-European_languages

The Indo-European languages are a language family of several hundred related languages .... In one of the most famous quotations in linguistics, Jones made the following ... Sanskrit language compared with that of Greek, Latin, Persian and Germanic ... This marks the beginning of Indo-European studies as an academic  ...

indo-european.info/WebHelp/1_introduction.htm

Contemporary languages in this family include English, German, French, .... The development of this theory of three linguistic stages can be traced back to the very ... use 'Indo-European' to include Anatolian, and have done, naturally enough, ... or Germanic languages), linguists tend to put Proto-Indo-European sometime ...

www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0148068580922393/pdf?md5=154c6bfe448edf08d12043720ac5049b&pid=1-s2.0-S0148068580922393-main.pdf

of the terminology of kinship and religion in Indo-European languages, ... Before the nineteenth century, linguistics--the scientific study of language---did not exist. ... into genealogical groupings which they called 'families', much as natural scien- .... Scots-Gaelic), Germanic (English, German, Danish, Norwegian, Icelandic, ...

www.ancient.eu/Indo-European_Languages

The Indo-European languages are a family of related languages that today are ... The science of linguistics has been trying to reconstruct the Proto-Indo-European ... are studies based on the comparison of myths, laws, and social institutions. .... and West Germanic, containing Old English, Old Saxon, and Old High German.

dlc.hypotheses.org/807

Jun 11, 2015 ... That means (see map below) Indo-European languages not just in .... Slavic and perhaps Germanic, the only braches of Indo-European with ... whose populations today speak German were actually mostly Slavic .... Naturally, Haak et al. .... Science 342 (6155): p.257–261. http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.

www.researchgate.net/post/Is_English_language_a_Germanic_or_a_Romance_language

Read 42 answers by scientists with 48 recommendations from their colleagues to ... English is a West Germanic language ( a branch of Indo-European languages) that ... In fact, in historical linguistics, Italo-Celtic is a grouping of the Italic and Celtic .... A "stool" (compare German Stuhl for chair) is good enough for the English ...

brocku.ca/MeadProject/Sapir/Sapir_1931_a.html

To the linguist there is no real difference between a dialect and a language which can be ... are merely dialect groups of a common Aryan or Indo-European language. ... and to this day a large proportion of Germans, including the educated ranks, are ... There is naturally no hard and fast line between a dialect and a local ...

brill.com/view/journals/ieul/2/1/article-p73_4.xml

Jan 1, 2014 ... Accordingly, we reconstruct Proto-Indo-European as an inconsistent syntactic system in ... A basic principle of linguistic reconstruction is that synchronically anomalous ... of syntactic variation, which is the natural condition for a language. ...... In social sciences, variation is the norm rather than the exception.