en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modern_primitive

Modern primitives or urban primitives are people in developed and culturally altered post-colonial nations who engage in body modification rituals and practices while making reference or homage to the rite of passage practices in " primitive cultures". These practices may include body piercing, tattooing, play piercing, flesh ...

www.encyclopedia.com/fashion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/modern-primitives

MODERN PRIMITIVESThe Modern Primitive subculture exists primarily in North America and Europe. Members are known for their use of body modifications, ...

journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1357034X99005002002

This subculture seeks inspiration in the body modification techniques and bodily rituals of so-called `primitive societies'. Establishing their prioritization of body, ...

magazine.sangbleu.com/2014/03/01/urban-primitive-raven-and-daemon-rowanchilde

Mar 1, 2014 ... Since Urban Primitive provided a supporting atmosphere in which to have ... In particular, I became interested in male genital modification and that ... of ways that pre-industrial cultures explored voluntary pain induction as spiritual ritual. ... RAVEN: I don't beleive that our society is devoid of spiritual ritual.

thesocietypages.org/cyborgology/2011/09/22/body-modification-gender-and-self-empowerment

Sep 22, 2011 ... Because they violate gender norms, body modifications like tattoos and ... cultures, they nonetheless reify the very modern-primitive divide they ...

www.researchgate.net/publication/283329201_Modified_People_Indicators_of_a_Body_Modification_Subculture_in_a_Post-Subculture_World

Nov 7, 2015 ... The body modification subculture discussed in this article has not only ... for understanding groups in contemporary Western societies. .... and piercings, Modern Primitives view their modifications as 'articulations of identities of.

www.sterneck.net/ritual/nyberg-modprim/index.php

4.4 Modern Primitive Body Modification and the Relation to the "Mainstream" ..... by a subculture often dismissed or despised by "mainstream" society (see for ...

citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.1033.3079&rep=rep1&type=pdf

cultures. Culture, Ritual and Identity. Reflexivity enables people, individually or ... Rio Carnival and body modification exist as liminal domains of ludic indul- gence. .... global society by urban primitives who disdain both the corporate nature of.

www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/abs/10.1016/S1479-3520%2803%2909004-4

... kinds of jobs and careers that provide the “goods” life extolled in a consumer society. ... As many such subcultures repudiate dominant norms, we note how they ... They include those who embrace extreme body modification, numerous ... The practitioners of extreme body modification label themselves “urban primitives ,” ...