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en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whitfield_v._United_States

Whitfield v. United States, 574 U.S. ___ (2015), was a United States Supreme Court that concerned whether the forced accompaniment statute under 18 U.S.C. § 2113(e) applies when a bank, credit union, or savings/loan association robber, or attempted robber, forces someone to accompany them for any distance.

www.oyez.org/cases/2014/13-9026

Dec 2, 2014 ... Whitfield objected to the instruction and the court overruled the objection. Whitfield was found guilty, but on the additional charge he was found guilty of forcing Parnell to accompany him, not of killing her. The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit vacated Whitfield's conviction and remanded the case ...

caselaw.findlaw.com/us-4th-circuit/1609896.html

Aug 22, 2012 ... Case opinion for US 4th Circuit UNITED STATES v. WHITFIELD. Read the Court's full decision on FindLaw.

www.supremecourt.gov/opinions/14pdf/13-9026_11o2.pdf

Jan 13, 2015 ... The syllabus constitutes no part of the opinion of the Court but has been prepared by the Reporter of Decisions for the convenience of the reader. See United States v. Detroit Timber & Lumber Co., 200 U. S. 321, 337. SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES. Syllabus. WHITFIELD v. UNITED STATES.

supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/543/209

Jan 11, 2005 ... In United States v. Shabani, 513 U. S. 10, this Court held that the nearly identical language of the drug conspiracy statute, 21 U. S. C. §846, does not require proof of an over act. The Shabani Court found instructive the distinction between §846 and the general conspiracy statute, 18 U. S. C. §371, which ...

supreme.justia.com/cases/federal/us/574/13-9026

Jan 13, 2015 ... Whitfield, fleeing a botched bank robbery, entered 79-year-old Parnell's home and guided her from a hallway to a room a few feet away, where she suffered a fatal heart attack. He was convicted of, among other things, violating 18 U. S. C. 2113(e), which establishes enhanced penalties for anyone who ...

www.law.cornell.edu/supct/cert/13-9026

Dec 2, 2014 ... On September 26, 2008, Larry Whitfield and Quanterrious McCoy attempted an armed robbery of the Fort Financial Credit Union in Gastonia, North Carolina. See United States v. Whitfield, 695 F.3d 288, 292–93 (4th Cir. 2012). Whitfield and McCoy's weapons triggered an alarm system that prevented them ...

www.scotusblog.com/case-files/cases/whitfield-v-united-states

Jan 13, 2015 ... Holding: A bank robber “forces [a] person to accompany him,” for purposes of 18 U.S.C. § 2113(e), when he forces that person to go somewhere with him, even if the movement occurs entirely within a single building or over a short distance. Judgment: Affirmed, 9-0, in an opinion by Justice Scalia on ...

www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/03-1293.ZO.html

Jan 11, 2005 ... It concluded, however, that those decisions were erroneously based on case law interpreting the general conspiracy statute, 18 U.S.C. § 371 which, unlike §1956( h), expressly includes an overt-act requirement. 349 F.3d, at 1323. The Eleventh Circuit instead relied upon United States v. Shabani, 513 U.S. ...