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Aronow v. United States was the first case to challenge the inclusion of "In God We Trust" on U.S. currency. The law it challenged was "31 U.S.C. § 324a "the inscription 'In God we Trust'...shall appear on all United States currency ... United States of America et al. Decided, October 6, 1970 (1970-10-06). Citation(s), 432 F .2d ...


A United States Note, also known as a Legal Tender Note, is a type of paper money that was ... During 1861, the first year of the American Civil War, the expenses incurred by .... Like all U.S. currency, United States Notes were produced in a large sized .... Miller, and Davis, to reverse Hepburn, 5–4, in the 1871 cases Knox v.


Paper currency in the United States is born, issued by the Massachusetts ... All U.S. currency issued since 1861 remains valid and redeemable at full face value.


Wingo, 407 U.S. 514, 92 S.Ct. 2182, 33 L.Ed.2d 101, developed to determine when ... United States Customs officials seized $8,850 in currency from the claimant as she ... for violations of the customs laws, as set forth in 19 U.S.C. 1602 et seq., and the ... In 90% of all seizures, the claimant files an administrative petition for ...


USA Tembec Inc. et al. v. United States of America ... and antidumping measures adopted by the United States relating to Canadian softwood lumber products, ...