www.theguardian.com/technology/2009/jul/29/computer-chips-moores-law

Jul 29, 2009 ... (The Intel 8088 chip, used in the IBM PC in 1982, had 3-micron ... One way round that problem would be to make chips on bigger discs, called wafers. ... said the Intel 386 chip overshot the market because no one could type that fast," he ... Today, for many tasks, it doesn't matter which computer I use, but for ...

www.nextbigfuture.com/2016/05/diamond-on-silicon-chips-are-running-at.html

May 16, 2016 ... Diamond computer chips running at 100-GHz have been demonstrated by ... The final product is a diamond wafer which can be used as a platform for ... New diamond chips could also change the type of devices that it's possible to make— like ... Tags: artificial intelligence, deep learning, future, intel, nvidia, ...

www.informit.com/articles/article.aspx?p=31338&seqNum=4

Mar 28, 2003 ... Unlike the Intel and IBM examples, foundries don't make any chips of their own; they simply .... Courtesy of VLSI Research, Inc. Used with permission. .... For our example chip, the biggest material cost is the silicon wafer itself.

fortune.com/2002/11/11/intels-10-billion-gamble

Nov 11, 2002 ... Tech's ailing, yet the chip king Intel is opening plants and entering new markets. ... into the heart of a computer chip: Thousands of workers and technicians ... Next spring, when the place starts cranking out silicon wafers the size of a ... But there's a second motivation in Intel's bet on Moore's Law–a kind of ...

electronics.stackexchange.com/questions/272497/chips-vs-wafers-vs-transistors

... contains a complete circuit which is used to make computers, phones, etc. ... This photo shows a wafer with hundreds of chips before being sliced apart. ... copper traces (wires) and several different kinds of electronic components ... PDF : http://download.intel.com/newsroom/kits/chipmaking/pdfs/Sand-to- ...

www.asml.com/company/what-we-do/en/s277?rid=51981

Apr 25, 2018 ... The main type of non-volatile memory chip is known as NAND Flash, which is used to store data on electronic devices. Both DRAM and NAND ...

www.madehow.com/Volume-2/Integrated-Circuit.html

Integrated circuit microcomputers are now used as controllers in equipment such as ... 386, and 486 were well known to computer users as reflecting increasing levels of ... Intel's Pentium chip is the latest in this series and reflects an even higher level. ... 2 A thin, round wafer of silicon is cut off the ingot using a precise cutting ...

www.engineering.com/Hardware/ArticleID/17668/What-Raw-Materials-Are-Used-to-Make-Hardware-in-Computing-Devices.aspx

Sep 29, 2018 ... Did you ever wonder how many computers and computing devices there are in the world? ... From Sand to Microchips and Memory Cards: The Integrated Circuits ... into wafers, which are distributed to various “fabs” (factories) for making ... IBM and Intel began using hafnium, a rare metal that is also used for ...

energyskeptic.com/2013/microchips-detailed-description

Nov 17, 2013 ... A 2009-2010 upgrade to an Intel fab, Fab 11X, cost $2.5 billion (on top of a 2007 $2 ... cannot make computer chips for the computer and telecom industries. .... A Detailed Look at the process of making Microchips from an 800 page textbook ... Silicon wafers are the platform for microprocessors used in ...