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Christendom has several meanings. In a contemporary sense, it may refer to the worldwide ... The reason is the increasing fragmentation of Western Christianity at that time .... of regaining religious unity with the West were ended by the Fourth Crusade, .... Instead the focus of western history shifts to the development of the ...


What were the basic movements that lay behind the development of the crusades in Western ... Webster's New International Dictionary defines Christendom as "the portion of the ... What were the effects of the crusades in western europe?


What persuaded people in the Christian West to want to recapture Jerusalem? ... With regards to their target, crusades were also called against the Muslims of the Iberian peninsula, ... and the cliché of landless younger sons out for adventure being laid to rest. .... Thus, the basic rationale behind the Crusades was fulfilled.


Oct 10, 2016 ... What were Western Christian religious beliefs, political relationships, ... The crusading movement involved men and women from every ... The wars also resulted in the destruction of cities and towns that lay .... It portrays an event in 1270, when three French knights “were accosted by three Saracen knights ...


Find out more about the history of The Crusades, including videos, interesting ... own right, though it still lagged behind other Mediterranean civilizations, such as that of ... In a popular movement known as the Children's Crusade (1212), a motley crew ... Four armies of Crusaders were formed from troops of different Western ...


The crusades were a series of holy wars called by popes with the promise of ... and internal enemies of Christendom for the recovery of Christian property or ... c. 950-1300 Period of steady demographic and economic growth in Western Europe . ... which half the land always lay fallow, to a three-field system of crop rotation.


Historically, the Crusades were a series of several military campaigns, usually ... the Peace and Truce of God movements, forbidding violence against certain people ... communities in the Holy Land of Christendom, and western Europeans were not ... an important role in the development of the crusades later in the century.


Aug 3, 2017 ... Thus it was that in the closing years of the 11th century western Europe ... The Crusades were also a development of popular religious life and feeling ... At the same time, laypersons were not indifferent to reform movements, and ... shrines housing relics of saints, but three great centres of pilgrimage stood ...


The remaining Crusades were failures of one sort or another and, instead, contributed .... the crusaders were marauders who left behind in their wake little more than ... which, in turn, helped to lay the groundwork for the colonial period to follow. ... of Western expansionism, arguably the single most significant development in ...